The Cry9Aa entomocidal toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. galleriae (Btg) and an epiphytic Pseudomonas sp. derivative carrying the cloned cry9Aa gene from Btg are active against the pine processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa and the laboratory model species Galleria mellonella. A laboratory study was conducted to investigate the side effects of the Cry9Aa toxin and the engineered bacterium on the post-embryonic development of Exorista larvarum, a larval parasitoid of forest lepidopterous defoliators, cultured in the factitious host G.mellonella. In a first experiment, the purified toxin and the commercial Bt preparation Foray 48B induced a mortality of G. mellonella sixth-instar larvae significantly higher than that of the distilled water control. In parallel, the development of E. larvarum in this host was assessed, but no significant difference was found for any of the parasitoid parameters examined (i.e., eggs oviposited, percentage of puparia and adults and puparial weights). In subsequent experiments, cry9Aa-Pseudomonas suspension significantly increased the mortality of sixth instar G. mellonella larvae compared to untransformed Pseudomonas sp. suspension and distilled water. As to the parasitoid parameters, the cry9Aa-Pseudomonas did not significantly affect the number of oviposited eggs, percentage of puparia and puparial weights. It can be concluded that the postembryonic development of E. larvarum was not affected by host treatment with either Cry9Aa toxin or cry9Aa-Pseudomonas under the laboratory conditions tested. Although direct effects on parasitoid performance have not been shown, indirect effects could still occur and need to be considered in future studies concerning the effects of genetically modified Bt-derivatives.

Effects of conventional and transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae toxin on Exorista larvarum (Diptera: Tachinidae), a parasitoid of forest defoliating Lepidoptera

MARCHETTI, ELISA;BARONIO, PIERO;DINDO, MARIA LUISA
2009

Abstract

The Cry9Aa entomocidal toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. galleriae (Btg) and an epiphytic Pseudomonas sp. derivative carrying the cloned cry9Aa gene from Btg are active against the pine processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa and the laboratory model species Galleria mellonella. A laboratory study was conducted to investigate the side effects of the Cry9Aa toxin and the engineered bacterium on the post-embryonic development of Exorista larvarum, a larval parasitoid of forest lepidopterous defoliators, cultured in the factitious host G.mellonella. In a first experiment, the purified toxin and the commercial Bt preparation Foray 48B induced a mortality of G. mellonella sixth-instar larvae significantly higher than that of the distilled water control. In parallel, the development of E. larvarum in this host was assessed, but no significant difference was found for any of the parasitoid parameters examined (i.e., eggs oviposited, percentage of puparia and adults and puparial weights). In subsequent experiments, cry9Aa-Pseudomonas suspension significantly increased the mortality of sixth instar G. mellonella larvae compared to untransformed Pseudomonas sp. suspension and distilled water. As to the parasitoid parameters, the cry9Aa-Pseudomonas did not significantly affect the number of oviposited eggs, percentage of puparia and puparial weights. It can be concluded that the postembryonic development of E. larvarum was not affected by host treatment with either Cry9Aa toxin or cry9Aa-Pseudomonas under the laboratory conditions tested. Although direct effects on parasitoid performance have not been shown, indirect effects could still occur and need to be considered in future studies concerning the effects of genetically modified Bt-derivatives.
Marchetti E.; Alberghini S.; Battisti A.; Squartini A.; Baronio P.; Dindo M.L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/76044
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