The purpose of this study was to validate immunohistochemistry (IHC) as an alternative to telomerase repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) analysis to detect telomerase activity. TRAP–enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) reactivity was compared with telomerase reverse transcription (TERT) IHC staining in 22 feline mammary tissues (6 normal mammary glands, 2 dysplastic mammary glands, 1 fibroadenoma, and 13 malignant neoplasms [6 solid mammary carcinomas, 2 squamous-cell carcinomas, 4 tubulopapillary mammary carcinomas, and 1 mammary carcinosarcoma]). TERT IHC staining revealed enzymatic expression in nuclear, nucleolar, cytoplasmic, and combined nuclear and nucleolar staining patterns that were separately quantified by image analysis and expressed as the absolute number (average) of positive cells or percentage of positive cells with respect to overall cellularity. With TERT IHC staining, the absolute number and percentage of cells with positive nuclei and nucleoli within the same cell were the variables with the greatest discrimination between benign and malignant mammary lesions (analysis of variance [ANOVA], average P , 0.0001; percentage P , 0.001). For TRAP-ELISA–positive versus TRAP-ELISA–negative tissues, a positive test result provided greater differentiation betweenmalignant versus benignmammary lesions (ANOVA, average P5 0.00038; percentage P 5 0.0022). The same IHC pattern of expression showed a proportional and significant (average P 5 0.004; percentage P 5 0.002) but low (average R 5 0.60; percentage R 5 0.63) correlation with TRAP-ELISA by the Pearson test. The correlation coefficients obtained show that IHC and TRAP cannot be considered interchangeable because the 2 methods are more complementary than exclusive.

Quantitative analysis of telomerase in feline mammary tissues

FUSARO, LAURA;PANARESE, SERENA;BRUNETTI, BARBARA;ZAMBELLI, DANIELE;BENAZZI, CINZIA;SARLI, GIUSEPPE
2009

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to validate immunohistochemistry (IHC) as an alternative to telomerase repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) analysis to detect telomerase activity. TRAP–enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) reactivity was compared with telomerase reverse transcription (TERT) IHC staining in 22 feline mammary tissues (6 normal mammary glands, 2 dysplastic mammary glands, 1 fibroadenoma, and 13 malignant neoplasms [6 solid mammary carcinomas, 2 squamous-cell carcinomas, 4 tubulopapillary mammary carcinomas, and 1 mammary carcinosarcoma]). TERT IHC staining revealed enzymatic expression in nuclear, nucleolar, cytoplasmic, and combined nuclear and nucleolar staining patterns that were separately quantified by image analysis and expressed as the absolute number (average) of positive cells or percentage of positive cells with respect to overall cellularity. With TERT IHC staining, the absolute number and percentage of cells with positive nuclei and nucleoli within the same cell were the variables with the greatest discrimination between benign and malignant mammary lesions (analysis of variance [ANOVA], average P , 0.0001; percentage P , 0.001). For TRAP-ELISA–positive versus TRAP-ELISA–negative tissues, a positive test result provided greater differentiation betweenmalignant versus benignmammary lesions (ANOVA, average P5 0.00038; percentage P 5 0.0022). The same IHC pattern of expression showed a proportional and significant (average P 5 0.004; percentage P 5 0.002) but low (average R 5 0.60; percentage R 5 0.63) correlation with TRAP-ELISA by the Pearson test. The correlation coefficients obtained show that IHC and TRAP cannot be considered interchangeable because the 2 methods are more complementary than exclusive.
2009
L. Fusaro; S. Panarese; B. Brunetti; D. Zambelli; C. Benazzi; G. Sarli
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/75974
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