Truffles are highly valuable ectomycorrhizal fungi that grow naturally in alkaline, calcareous soils. Iron deficiency chlorosis is a common problem in truffle (Tuber spp.) cultivation due to the high quantity of lime added to increase the pH of acidic soils. In this work, the effects of ferric hydroxide nanoparticles embedded in an exopolysaccharide (Fe-EPS NPs), extracted from cultures of Klebsiella oxytoca DSM 29614, were investigated on Quercus robur seedlings under greenhouse conditions. The plants were inoculated with Tuber borchii (the bianchetto truffle) and were cultivated with and without iron nanoparticle additions and compared with non-inoculated control plants. The seedlings were grown in limed soil in order to induce iron deficiency. Low doses of Fe-EPS NPs had a beneficial effect on the growth of the plants inoculated with T. borchii, increasing their height and reducing their leaf chlorosis 5 months after the first Fe-EPS NP treatment. Moreover, Fe-EPS NP treatments significantly increased the level of T. borchii mycorrhizal colonization and the ectomycorrhizal mantle thickness. Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) applied to cross sections of mycorrhizas showed that Fe accumulated in the fungal mantle and apparently was slowly released serving as a resilient reservoir of iron for the plant. The results suggest that the application of Fe-EPS NPs is a promising technique in the production of Tuber mycorrhized plants in the nursery and could have future applications in the field.

Effects of biogenerated ferric hydroxides nanoparticles on truffle mycorrhized plants

Leonardi, Pamela;Lugli, Federico;Puliga, Federico;Vittori Antisari, Livia;Zambonelli, Alessandra
;
2020

Abstract

Truffles are highly valuable ectomycorrhizal fungi that grow naturally in alkaline, calcareous soils. Iron deficiency chlorosis is a common problem in truffle (Tuber spp.) cultivation due to the high quantity of lime added to increase the pH of acidic soils. In this work, the effects of ferric hydroxide nanoparticles embedded in an exopolysaccharide (Fe-EPS NPs), extracted from cultures of Klebsiella oxytoca DSM 29614, were investigated on Quercus robur seedlings under greenhouse conditions. The plants were inoculated with Tuber borchii (the bianchetto truffle) and were cultivated with and without iron nanoparticle additions and compared with non-inoculated control plants. The seedlings were grown in limed soil in order to induce iron deficiency. Low doses of Fe-EPS NPs had a beneficial effect on the growth of the plants inoculated with T. borchii, increasing their height and reducing their leaf chlorosis 5 months after the first Fe-EPS NP treatment. Moreover, Fe-EPS NP treatments significantly increased the level of T. borchii mycorrhizal colonization and the ectomycorrhizal mantle thickness. Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) applied to cross sections of mycorrhizas showed that Fe accumulated in the fungal mantle and apparently was slowly released serving as a resilient reservoir of iron for the plant. The results suggest that the application of Fe-EPS NPs is a promising technique in the production of Tuber mycorrhized plants in the nursery and could have future applications in the field.
Leonardi, Pamela; Lugli, Federico; Iotti, Mirco; Puliga, Federico; Piana, Filippo; Gallo, Michele; Baldi, Franco; Vittori Antisari, Livia; Zambonelli, Alessandra; Chiarantini, Laura
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/759450
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