We constrain the distribution of spatially offset Lyman-alpha emission (Ly alpha) relative to rest-frame ultraviolet emission in similar to 300 high redshift (3 < z < 5.5) Lyman-break galaxies (LBGs) exhibiting Ly alpha emission from VANDELS, a VLT/VIMOS slit-spectroscopic survey of the CANDELS Ultra Deep Survey and Chandra Deep Field South fields (similar or equal to 0.2 deg(2) total). Because slit spectroscopy only provides one spatial dimension, we use Bayesian inference to recover the underlying two-dimensional Ly alpha spatial offset distribution. We model the distribution using a two-dimensional circular Gaussian, defined by a single parameter sigma(r,Ly alpha), the standard deviation expressed in polar coordinates. Over the entire redshift range of our sample (3 < z < 5.5), we find sigma(r,Ly alpha) =1.70(-0.08)(+0.09) kpc (68 per cent conf.), corresponding to similar to 0.'' 25 at < z > = 4.5. We also find that sigma(r,Ly alpha) decreases significantly with redshift. Because Ly a spatial offsets can cause slit losses, the decrease in sigma(r,Ly alpha) with redshift can partially explain the increase in the fraction of Ly alpha emitters observed in the literature over this same interval, although uncertainties are still too large to reach a strong conclusion. If sigma(r,Ly alpha) continues to decrease into the reionization epoch, then the decrease in Ly alpha transmission from galaxies observed during this epoch might require an even higher neutral hydrogen fraction than what is currently inferred. Conversely, if spatial offsets increase with the increasing opacity of the intergalactic medium, slit losses may explain some of the drop in Ly alpha transmission observed at z > 6. Spatially resolved observations of Ly alpha and UV continuum at 6 < z < 8 are needed to settle the issue.

Hoag, A., Treu, T., Pentericci, L., Amorin, R., Bolzonella, M., Bradač, M., et al. (2019). Constraining Lyman-alpha spatial offsets at 3 < z < 5.5 from VANDELS slit spectroscopy. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 488(1), 706-719 [10.1093/mnras/stz1768].

Constraining Lyman-alpha spatial offsets at 3 < z < 5.5 from VANDELS slit spectroscopy

Bolzonella, M;Jones, T;Talia, M
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2019

Abstract

We constrain the distribution of spatially offset Lyman-alpha emission (Ly alpha) relative to rest-frame ultraviolet emission in similar to 300 high redshift (3 < z < 5.5) Lyman-break galaxies (LBGs) exhibiting Ly alpha emission from VANDELS, a VLT/VIMOS slit-spectroscopic survey of the CANDELS Ultra Deep Survey and Chandra Deep Field South fields (similar or equal to 0.2 deg(2) total). Because slit spectroscopy only provides one spatial dimension, we use Bayesian inference to recover the underlying two-dimensional Ly alpha spatial offset distribution. We model the distribution using a two-dimensional circular Gaussian, defined by a single parameter sigma(r,Ly alpha), the standard deviation expressed in polar coordinates. Over the entire redshift range of our sample (3 < z < 5.5), we find sigma(r,Ly alpha) =1.70(-0.08)(+0.09) kpc (68 per cent conf.), corresponding to similar to 0.'' 25 at < z > = 4.5. We also find that sigma(r,Ly alpha) decreases significantly with redshift. Because Ly a spatial offsets can cause slit losses, the decrease in sigma(r,Ly alpha) with redshift can partially explain the increase in the fraction of Ly alpha emitters observed in the literature over this same interval, although uncertainties are still too large to reach a strong conclusion. If sigma(r,Ly alpha) continues to decrease into the reionization epoch, then the decrease in Ly alpha transmission from galaxies observed during this epoch might require an even higher neutral hydrogen fraction than what is currently inferred. Conversely, if spatial offsets increase with the increasing opacity of the intergalactic medium, slit losses may explain some of the drop in Ly alpha transmission observed at z > 6. Spatially resolved observations of Ly alpha and UV continuum at 6 < z < 8 are needed to settle the issue.
2019
Hoag, A., Treu, T., Pentericci, L., Amorin, R., Bolzonella, M., Bradač, M., et al. (2019). Constraining Lyman-alpha spatial offsets at 3 < z < 5.5 from VANDELS slit spectroscopy. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, 488(1), 706-719 [10.1093/mnras/stz1768].
Hoag, A; Treu, T; Pentericci, L; Amorin, R; Bolzonella, M; Bradač, M; Castellano, M; Cullen, F; Fynbo, J P U; Garilli, B; Guaita, L; Hathi, N; Henry, ...espandi
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