The side effects and risks associated with the medical intervention are defined as iatrogenesis. Adverse drug reactions, malpractice, medical error, and negligence constitute common iatrogenic complications. Examples of important syndromes induced by medications are asthma caused by beta-adrenoceptor antagonists, pulmonary fibrosis associated with cytotoxic agents, gastric bleeding and complications with anti-inflammatory agents, torsade de pointes tachycardia with various drugs, abnormal glucose homeostasis with thiazide and corticosteroids, and osteonecrosis of the jaw with bisphosphonates. In psychiatry, iatrogenesis has traditionally been concerned with medical complications of psychotropic drug treatment, such as tardive dyskinesia and insulin resistance with antipsychotic drugs, and cardiac and metabolic disturbances with antidepressant medications. The complications may occur due to direct toxicity, drug-drug interactions, intoxication, or withdrawal from psychotropic medications. In more recent years, attention has also been dedicated to the patient experience of negative effects of psychotherapy, including the interactions between pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. As it happened with medical therapy, psychiatric treatment has mainly been assessed and evaluated as to its capacity to improve psychiatric symptomatology. Side effects have been conceptualized as the unavoidable drawbacks of any form of medical therapy. Little attention has been paid to the adverse psychological and behavioral effects of psychiatric treatment on psychopathology and illness course. In view of the insufficient body of knowledge on the iatrogenic effects of psychological therapies, we will only concentrate on the effects of psychotropic drug treatment. Many of the insights that have been gained in the past 25 years have originated in this journal.

Iatrogenic factors in psychopathology

Rafanelli C.
2019

Abstract

The side effects and risks associated with the medical intervention are defined as iatrogenesis. Adverse drug reactions, malpractice, medical error, and negligence constitute common iatrogenic complications. Examples of important syndromes induced by medications are asthma caused by beta-adrenoceptor antagonists, pulmonary fibrosis associated with cytotoxic agents, gastric bleeding and complications with anti-inflammatory agents, torsade de pointes tachycardia with various drugs, abnormal glucose homeostasis with thiazide and corticosteroids, and osteonecrosis of the jaw with bisphosphonates. In psychiatry, iatrogenesis has traditionally been concerned with medical complications of psychotropic drug treatment, such as tardive dyskinesia and insulin resistance with antipsychotic drugs, and cardiac and metabolic disturbances with antidepressant medications. The complications may occur due to direct toxicity, drug-drug interactions, intoxication, or withdrawal from psychotropic medications. In more recent years, attention has also been dedicated to the patient experience of negative effects of psychotherapy, including the interactions between pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. As it happened with medical therapy, psychiatric treatment has mainly been assessed and evaluated as to its capacity to improve psychiatric symptomatology. Side effects have been conceptualized as the unavoidable drawbacks of any form of medical therapy. Little attention has been paid to the adverse psychological and behavioral effects of psychiatric treatment on psychopathology and illness course. In view of the insufficient body of knowledge on the iatrogenic effects of psychological therapies, we will only concentrate on the effects of psychotropic drug treatment. Many of the insights that have been gained in the past 25 years have originated in this journal.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/740395
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 8
  • Scopus 37
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 36
social impact