Introduction: Preoperative liver and renal dysfunction remain surgical risk factors for both postoperative morbidity and mortality. The Model of End-Stage Liver Disease Excluding INR (international normalized ratio), or MELD-XI, score calculation may help as a predictor in patients with advanced heart failure. We analyzed the impact of progressive elevated MELD-XI values among recipients of heart transplant at our institution. Methods: The data of a total of 425 consecutive adult patients who underwent heart transplantation, between January 2000 and August 2018, have been reviewed and divided into 3 cohorts according to preoperative MELD-XI calculations (MELD-XI < 11; MELD-XI 11-18; and MELD-XI > 18). Early and late outcomes have been analyzed. Results: Patients with a MELD-XI score > 18 had a more critical clinical condition preoperatively and had a higher risk of early mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.45 [1.11-1.67], P < .001). They showed high risk for postoperative dialysis (HR 2.8 [1.5-5.3], P < .001), rethoracothomy for bleeding (HR 2.1 [1.2-4.1], P = .001), prolonged time of mechanical ventilation, time of intensive care unit stay (HR 2.2 [1.3-3.8], P = .005), and graft failure requiring mechanical circulatory support (HR 1.9 [1.1-3.3], P = .003). After risk adjustment per MELD-XI cohort, ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, redo operation, and cold ischemic time > 240 minutes resulted in being the strongest predictors of early mortality (P < .001). The 5-year and 10-year survival for MELD-XI > 18 cohort was 63% and 47% vs 72% and 59% in the control group (MELD-XI < 18) (log-rank, P < .001). Conclusions: Patients with an elevated preoperative MELD-XI profile presented more comorbidities and significantly lower survival. This suggests the MELD-XI score may provide further insight into appropriate recipient and eventual donor selection. Renal insufficiency and congestive hepatopathy should be properly optimized before heart transplantation.

Loforte A., Fiorentino M., Gliozzi G., Mariani C., Folesani G., Suarez S.M., et al. (2019). Heart Transplant and Hepato-Renal Dysfunction: The Model of End-Stage Liver Disease Excluding International Normalized Ratio as a Predictor of Postoperative Outcomes. TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS, 51(9), 2962-2966 [10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.07.013].

Heart Transplant and Hepato-Renal Dysfunction: The Model of End-Stage Liver Disease Excluding International Normalized Ratio as a Predictor of Postoperative Outcomes

Loforte A.;Fiorentino M.;Gliozzi G.;Mariani C.;Folesani G.;Pacini D.
2019

Abstract

Introduction: Preoperative liver and renal dysfunction remain surgical risk factors for both postoperative morbidity and mortality. The Model of End-Stage Liver Disease Excluding INR (international normalized ratio), or MELD-XI, score calculation may help as a predictor in patients with advanced heart failure. We analyzed the impact of progressive elevated MELD-XI values among recipients of heart transplant at our institution. Methods: The data of a total of 425 consecutive adult patients who underwent heart transplantation, between January 2000 and August 2018, have been reviewed and divided into 3 cohorts according to preoperative MELD-XI calculations (MELD-XI < 11; MELD-XI 11-18; and MELD-XI > 18). Early and late outcomes have been analyzed. Results: Patients with a MELD-XI score > 18 had a more critical clinical condition preoperatively and had a higher risk of early mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.45 [1.11-1.67], P < .001). They showed high risk for postoperative dialysis (HR 2.8 [1.5-5.3], P < .001), rethoracothomy for bleeding (HR 2.1 [1.2-4.1], P = .001), prolonged time of mechanical ventilation, time of intensive care unit stay (HR 2.2 [1.3-3.8], P = .005), and graft failure requiring mechanical circulatory support (HR 1.9 [1.1-3.3], P = .003). After risk adjustment per MELD-XI cohort, ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, redo operation, and cold ischemic time > 240 minutes resulted in being the strongest predictors of early mortality (P < .001). The 5-year and 10-year survival for MELD-XI > 18 cohort was 63% and 47% vs 72% and 59% in the control group (MELD-XI < 18) (log-rank, P < .001). Conclusions: Patients with an elevated preoperative MELD-XI profile presented more comorbidities and significantly lower survival. This suggests the MELD-XI score may provide further insight into appropriate recipient and eventual donor selection. Renal insufficiency and congestive hepatopathy should be properly optimized before heart transplantation.
2019
Loforte A., Fiorentino M., Gliozzi G., Mariani C., Folesani G., Suarez S.M., et al. (2019). Heart Transplant and Hepato-Renal Dysfunction: The Model of End-Stage Liver Disease Excluding International Normalized Ratio as a Predictor of Postoperative Outcomes. TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS, 51(9), 2962-2966 [10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.07.013].
Loforte A.; Fiorentino M.; Gliozzi G.; Mariani C.; Folesani G.; Suarez S.M.; Russo A.; Masetti M.; Potena L.; Pacini D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/739719
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