Background: Major trauma patients experience a 20% mortality rate overall, and many survivors remain permanently disabled. In order to monitor the quality of trauma care in the Trauma System, outcomes assessment is essential. Quality indicators on outcome can be expressed as quality of life, functional outcome, and others. The trauma follow-up system was created within the Romagna Trauma System (Italy) in order to monitor the trauma network and assess its long-term outcomes. The aim of this paper is firstly to evaluate the existence of correlations between epidemiological data, severity of injury, and clinical assessment characterizing the acute phase and the long-term outcomes in trauma patients and secondly, to explore the association between outcome variables have been modified. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study over a 10-year period, including patients with severe trauma who survived and were discharged from the intensive care unit. The outcome measures were assessed with the use of the Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale and the Euro Quality of Life scale 5 dimension. Demographic data and clinical severity descriptors versus functional outcome were tested in a binary logistic regression model. Results: In all, 428 major trauma patients participated in the study. At 1 year, 50.8% of trauma patients included had a good recovery and 49.2% had some degree of disability. The median value of quality of life was 0.725. At the multivariate analysis, variables showing significant impact on functional outcome were age (p = 0.052, OR 1.025), injury severity score (p = 0.001, OR 1.025), and Glasgow coma scale ≤ 8 (p = 0.001, OR 3.509) The Spearman's Rank correlation coefficient showed a strong correlation between the global level of function variables and quality of life at one year (Spearman's Rho Correlation Coefficient 0.760 (p < 0.0001)). Conclusions: Increased age, increased injury severity score, and severe traumatic brain injury are predictors of long-term disability. Most of these trauma patients show impairments that affect not only the level of functional state but also the quality of life. The degree of functional independence has the greatest positive impact on quality of life. According to our results, after the recovery a prompt recognition of physical and psychological problems with systematic follow-up screening programs can help patients and doctors in defining specific therapeutic-rehabilitation pathways tailored to meet individual requirements.

Long-term outcomes in major trauma patients and correlations with the acute phase

Bertoni S.;Padovani E.;Tosatto L.;Ansaloni L.;Agnoletti V.
2020

Abstract

Background: Major trauma patients experience a 20% mortality rate overall, and many survivors remain permanently disabled. In order to monitor the quality of trauma care in the Trauma System, outcomes assessment is essential. Quality indicators on outcome can be expressed as quality of life, functional outcome, and others. The trauma follow-up system was created within the Romagna Trauma System (Italy) in order to monitor the trauma network and assess its long-term outcomes. The aim of this paper is firstly to evaluate the existence of correlations between epidemiological data, severity of injury, and clinical assessment characterizing the acute phase and the long-term outcomes in trauma patients and secondly, to explore the association between outcome variables have been modified. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study over a 10-year period, including patients with severe trauma who survived and were discharged from the intensive care unit. The outcome measures were assessed with the use of the Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale and the Euro Quality of Life scale 5 dimension. Demographic data and clinical severity descriptors versus functional outcome were tested in a binary logistic regression model. Results: In all, 428 major trauma patients participated in the study. At 1 year, 50.8% of trauma patients included had a good recovery and 49.2% had some degree of disability. The median value of quality of life was 0.725. At the multivariate analysis, variables showing significant impact on functional outcome were age (p = 0.052, OR 1.025), injury severity score (p = 0.001, OR 1.025), and Glasgow coma scale ≤ 8 (p = 0.001, OR 3.509) The Spearman's Rank correlation coefficient showed a strong correlation between the global level of function variables and quality of life at one year (Spearman's Rho Correlation Coefficient 0.760 (p < 0.0001)). Conclusions: Increased age, increased injury severity score, and severe traumatic brain injury are predictors of long-term disability. Most of these trauma patients show impairments that affect not only the level of functional state but also the quality of life. The degree of functional independence has the greatest positive impact on quality of life. According to our results, after the recovery a prompt recognition of physical and psychological problems with systematic follow-up screening programs can help patients and doctors in defining specific therapeutic-rehabilitation pathways tailored to meet individual requirements.
Martino C.; Russo E.; Santonastaso D.P.; Gamberini E.; Bertoni S.; Padovani E.; Tosatto L.; Ansaloni L.; Agnoletti V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/737949
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