Ground-Coupled Heat Pumps (GCHPs) are known as a promising technology for building climatization and domestic hot water production. The main concern to employ these systems in urban areas is their high drilling and initial cost. This cost could be rebated by lowering the borehole thermal resistance and by shortening the borehole depth. In the present paper, a novel and simple design of the Ground Heat Exchanger (GHE), namely the vertical GHE with an elliptical U-tube, is proposed to improve thermal performance of GCHP systems. To prove that; a series of 3D finite element simulations are performed to study the thermal comportment of elliptical U-tubes and to compare their performance with typical single U-tubes. A dimensionless shape factor γ is introduced to evaluate effect of the elliptical U-tube geometry on thermal performance of the GHE. Furthermore, influential parameters on thermal performance of elliptical U-tubes are investigated and the decrement percentage of the borehole thermal resistance, with reference to the typical U-tube, are compared for each parameter. The results show that elliptical U-tubes could enhance heat transfer to significant extent and could decrease the borehole thermal resistance by more than 17 %, compared with typical single U-tubes. It is shown that the higher value of the shape factor γ leads to the better heat transfer enhancement. It is concluded that elliptical U-tubes are able to decrease the borehole thermal resistance and to boost the coefficient of performance (COP) of GCHP systems.

Thermal performance of the vertical ground heat exchanger with a novel elliptical single U-tube

Jahanbin A.
2020

Abstract

Ground-Coupled Heat Pumps (GCHPs) are known as a promising technology for building climatization and domestic hot water production. The main concern to employ these systems in urban areas is their high drilling and initial cost. This cost could be rebated by lowering the borehole thermal resistance and by shortening the borehole depth. In the present paper, a novel and simple design of the Ground Heat Exchanger (GHE), namely the vertical GHE with an elliptical U-tube, is proposed to improve thermal performance of GCHP systems. To prove that; a series of 3D finite element simulations are performed to study the thermal comportment of elliptical U-tubes and to compare their performance with typical single U-tubes. A dimensionless shape factor γ is introduced to evaluate effect of the elliptical U-tube geometry on thermal performance of the GHE. Furthermore, influential parameters on thermal performance of elliptical U-tubes are investigated and the decrement percentage of the borehole thermal resistance, with reference to the typical U-tube, are compared for each parameter. The results show that elliptical U-tubes could enhance heat transfer to significant extent and could decrease the borehole thermal resistance by more than 17 %, compared with typical single U-tubes. It is shown that the higher value of the shape factor γ leads to the better heat transfer enhancement. It is concluded that elliptical U-tubes are able to decrease the borehole thermal resistance and to boost the coefficient of performance (COP) of GCHP systems.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/732265
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