Objectives To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the classic ultrasound (US) signs of adenomyosis, the question mark sign and transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) uterine tenderness, in the diagnosis of adenomyosis.Methods This was a prospective study including 78 patients waiting for hysterectomy for uterine benign diseases and undergoing preoperative US examinations to evaluate all criteria for US diagnosis of adenomyosis as reported by the consensus statement of the Morphological Uterus Sonographic Assessment group. A US diagnosis of adenomyosis was made in the presence of 2 or more Morphological Uterus Sonographic Assessment features. Moreover, the question mark sign and TVUS uterine tenderness were evaluated. Ultrasound features were compared with the histologic examination, which was considered the reference standard for the diagnosis of adenomyosis. The Cohen kappa coefficient was used to measure the accordance between US and histologic results. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of each US feature were calculated.Results The prevalence of adenomyosis in the sample was 33.3%. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of TVUS in the diagnosis of adenomyosis were 77%, 96%, 91%, 89%, and 90%, respectively. Myometrial heterogeneity was the most frequently encountered feature (100%) but showed low specificity (7%). The question mark sign and TVUS uterine tenderness showed sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of 41%, 96%, 83%, 77%, and 69% and 69%, 65%, 66%, 81%, and 67%.Conclusions The question mark sign and TVUS uterine tenderness are useful tools for the diagnosis of adenomyosis.

Question Mark Sign and Transvaginal Ultrasound Uterine Tenderness for the Diagnosis of Adenomyosis: A Prospective Validation / Zannoni, Letizia; Ambrosio, Marco; Raimondo, Diego; Arena, Alessandro; Del Forno, Simona; Borghese, Giulia; Paradisi, Roberto; Seracchioli, Renato. - In: JOURNAL OF ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE. - ISSN 0278-4297. - STAMPA. - 39:7(2020), pp. 1405-1412. [10.1002/jum.15237]

Question Mark Sign and Transvaginal Ultrasound Uterine Tenderness for the Diagnosis of Adenomyosis: A Prospective Validation

Zannoni, Letizia;Ambrosio, Marco
;
Raimondo, Diego;Arena, Alessandro;Del Forno, Simona;Borghese, Giulia;Paradisi, Roberto;Seracchioli, Renato
2020

Abstract

Objectives To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the classic ultrasound (US) signs of adenomyosis, the question mark sign and transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) uterine tenderness, in the diagnosis of adenomyosis.Methods This was a prospective study including 78 patients waiting for hysterectomy for uterine benign diseases and undergoing preoperative US examinations to evaluate all criteria for US diagnosis of adenomyosis as reported by the consensus statement of the Morphological Uterus Sonographic Assessment group. A US diagnosis of adenomyosis was made in the presence of 2 or more Morphological Uterus Sonographic Assessment features. Moreover, the question mark sign and TVUS uterine tenderness were evaluated. Ultrasound features were compared with the histologic examination, which was considered the reference standard for the diagnosis of adenomyosis. The Cohen kappa coefficient was used to measure the accordance between US and histologic results. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of each US feature were calculated.Results The prevalence of adenomyosis in the sample was 33.3%. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of TVUS in the diagnosis of adenomyosis were 77%, 96%, 91%, 89%, and 90%, respectively. Myometrial heterogeneity was the most frequently encountered feature (100%) but showed low specificity (7%). The question mark sign and TVUS uterine tenderness showed sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy of 41%, 96%, 83%, 77%, and 69% and 69%, 65%, 66%, 81%, and 67%.Conclusions The question mark sign and TVUS uterine tenderness are useful tools for the diagnosis of adenomyosis.
2020
Question Mark Sign and Transvaginal Ultrasound Uterine Tenderness for the Diagnosis of Adenomyosis: A Prospective Validation / Zannoni, Letizia; Ambrosio, Marco; Raimondo, Diego; Arena, Alessandro; Del Forno, Simona; Borghese, Giulia; Paradisi, Roberto; Seracchioli, Renato. - In: JOURNAL OF ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE. - ISSN 0278-4297. - STAMPA. - 39:7(2020), pp. 1405-1412. [10.1002/jum.15237]
Zannoni, Letizia; Ambrosio, Marco; Raimondo, Diego; Arena, Alessandro; Del Forno, Simona; Borghese, Giulia; Paradisi, Roberto; Seracchioli, Renato
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/732185
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