This paper presents a fully parametrized framework, entirely described in VHDL, to simplify the FPGA implementation of non-recurrent Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), which works independently of the complexity of the networks in terms of number of neurons, layers and, to some extent, overall topology. More specifically, the network may consist of fully-connected, max-pooling or convolutional layers which can be arbitrarily combined. The ANN is used only for inference, while back-propagation is performed off-line during the ANN learning phase. Target of this work is to achieve fast-prototyping, small, low-power and cost-effective implementation of ANNs to be employed directly on the sensing nodes of IOT (i.e. Edge Computing). The performance of so-implemented ANNs is assessed for two real applications, namely hand movement recognition based on electromyographic signals and handwritten character recognition. Energy per operation is measured in the FPGA realization and compared with the corresponding ANN implemented on a microcontroller (mu C) to demonstrate the advantage of the FPGA based solution.

A High-level Implementation Framework for Non-Recurrent Artificial Neural Networks on FPGA

Marchioni, A;Mangia, M;Rovatti, R;
2019

Abstract

This paper presents a fully parametrized framework, entirely described in VHDL, to simplify the FPGA implementation of non-recurrent Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), which works independently of the complexity of the networks in terms of number of neurons, layers and, to some extent, overall topology. More specifically, the network may consist of fully-connected, max-pooling or convolutional layers which can be arbitrarily combined. The ANN is used only for inference, while back-propagation is performed off-line during the ANN learning phase. Target of this work is to achieve fast-prototyping, small, low-power and cost-effective implementation of ANNs to be employed directly on the sensing nodes of IOT (i.e. Edge Computing). The performance of so-implemented ANNs is assessed for two real applications, namely hand movement recognition based on electromyographic signals and handwritten character recognition. Energy per operation is measured in the FPGA realization and compared with the corresponding ANN implemented on a microcontroller (mu C) to demonstrate the advantage of the FPGA based solution.
2019 15th Conference on Ph.D Research in Microelectronics and Electronics (PRIME)
77
80
Prono, L; Marchioni, A; Mangia, M; Pareschi, F; Rovatti, R; Setti, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/730409
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