We present a detailed study of the topological Schwinger model [Phys. Rev. D 99, 014503 (2019)2470-001010.1103/PhysRevD.99.014503], which describes (1+1) quantum electrodynamics of an Abelian U(1) gauge field coupled to a symmetry-protected topological matter sector, by means of a class of ZN lattice gauge theories. Employing density-matrix renormalization group techniques that exactly implement Gauss' law, we show that these models host a correlated topological phase for different values of N, where fermion correlations arise through interparticle interactions mediated by the gauge field. Moreover, by a careful finite-size scaling, we show that this phase is stable in the large-N limit and that the phase boundaries are in accordance with bosonization predictions of the U(1) topological Schwinger model. Our results demonstrate that ZN finite-dimensional gauge groups offer a practical route for an efficient classical simulation of equilibrium properties of electromagnetism with topological fermions. Additionally, we describe a scheme for the quantum simulation of a topological Schwinger model exploiting spin-changing collisions in boson-fermion mixtures of ultracold atoms in optical lattices. Although technically challenging, this quantum simulation would provide an alternative to classical density-matrix renormalization group techniques, providing also an efficient route to explore real-time nonequilibrium phenomena.

ZN gauge theories coupled to topological fermions: QED2 with a quantum mechanical θ angle

Magnifico G.
;
Vodola D.;Ercolessi E.;
2019

Abstract

We present a detailed study of the topological Schwinger model [Phys. Rev. D 99, 014503 (2019)2470-001010.1103/PhysRevD.99.014503], which describes (1+1) quantum electrodynamics of an Abelian U(1) gauge field coupled to a symmetry-protected topological matter sector, by means of a class of ZN lattice gauge theories. Employing density-matrix renormalization group techniques that exactly implement Gauss' law, we show that these models host a correlated topological phase for different values of N, where fermion correlations arise through interparticle interactions mediated by the gauge field. Moreover, by a careful finite-size scaling, we show that this phase is stable in the large-N limit and that the phase boundaries are in accordance with bosonization predictions of the U(1) topological Schwinger model. Our results demonstrate that ZN finite-dimensional gauge groups offer a practical route for an efficient classical simulation of equilibrium properties of electromagnetism with topological fermions. Additionally, we describe a scheme for the quantum simulation of a topological Schwinger model exploiting spin-changing collisions in boson-fermion mixtures of ultracold atoms in optical lattices. Although technically challenging, this quantum simulation would provide an alternative to classical density-matrix renormalization group techniques, providing also an efficient route to explore real-time nonequilibrium phenomena.
Magnifico G.; Vodola D.; Ercolessi E.; Kumar S.P.; Muller M.; Bermudez A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/727618
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