The finding of an indeterminate adrenal mass at radiological investigations is a challenge for physicians. Complex diagnostic work-up, periodic follow-up, or surgical intervention are therefore needed to rule out malignant lesions. Tertiary care hospitals are provided with F-18-fludeoxyglucose (F-18-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and F-18-dihydroxyphenylalanine (F-18-DOPA) PET, which aid in the characterization of indeterminate adrenal masses. Nevertheless, the histopathological examination may be required to exclude malignancy or rare etiologies. A 54-year-old woman presented to our clinic 6 months after a cerebral hemorrhage. She was hypertensive and had recently discovered a left adrenal mass of 15 mm during an abdominal ultrasound. Contrast-enhanced CT, following adrenal protocol, revealed a 14-mm adrenal mass without characteristics suggestive of an adrenal adenoma. Tumor markers were negative. Functional tests excluded hormone hypersecretion. An F-18-DOPA PET was negative. An F-18-FDG PET showed mild uptake of both the adrenal glands, with a more circumscribed pattern in the left one (maximum standardized uptake value 5 4). As the clinical diagnosis was still indeterminate, we performed laparoscopic left adrenalectomy. The histopathological examination described a sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation (SANT) of the adrenal gland, a benign lesion already described as a rare occurrence only in the spleen. IgG4 levels were reduced. In conclusion, this is a report of a SANT of the adrenal gland, a novel entity that should be taken into consideration in the differential diagnosis of indeterminate adrenal masses at CT scan. Copyright (C) 2019 Endocrine Society

Sclerosing Angiomatoid Nodular Transformation of the Adrenal Gland: A Case Report of a Novel Histopathological Entity

Zavatta, Guido;De Leo, Antonio;Mosconi, Cristina;Cosentino, Eugenio Roberto;Nanni, Cristina;Vicennati, Valentina;Di Dalmazi, Guido
2019

Abstract

The finding of an indeterminate adrenal mass at radiological investigations is a challenge for physicians. Complex diagnostic work-up, periodic follow-up, or surgical intervention are therefore needed to rule out malignant lesions. Tertiary care hospitals are provided with F-18-fludeoxyglucose (F-18-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and F-18-dihydroxyphenylalanine (F-18-DOPA) PET, which aid in the characterization of indeterminate adrenal masses. Nevertheless, the histopathological examination may be required to exclude malignancy or rare etiologies. A 54-year-old woman presented to our clinic 6 months after a cerebral hemorrhage. She was hypertensive and had recently discovered a left adrenal mass of 15 mm during an abdominal ultrasound. Contrast-enhanced CT, following adrenal protocol, revealed a 14-mm adrenal mass without characteristics suggestive of an adrenal adenoma. Tumor markers were negative. Functional tests excluded hormone hypersecretion. An F-18-DOPA PET was negative. An F-18-FDG PET showed mild uptake of both the adrenal glands, with a more circumscribed pattern in the left one (maximum standardized uptake value 5 4). As the clinical diagnosis was still indeterminate, we performed laparoscopic left adrenalectomy. The histopathological examination described a sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation (SANT) of the adrenal gland, a benign lesion already described as a rare occurrence only in the spleen. IgG4 levels were reduced. In conclusion, this is a report of a SANT of the adrenal gland, a novel entity that should be taken into consideration in the differential diagnosis of indeterminate adrenal masses at CT scan. Copyright (C) 2019 Endocrine Society
JOURNAL OF THE ENDOCRINE SOCIETY
Zavatta, Guido; De Leo, Antonio; Bacci, Francesco; Mosconi, Cristina; Cosentino, Eugenio Roberto; Nanni, Cristina; Selva, Saverio; Santini, Donatella; Vicennati, Valentina; Di Dalmazi, Guido
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/725226
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