The synthesis of α/β dipeptides containing linear or cyclic α-dehydro-β-amino acids has been performed starting from alkylidene acetacetamides, which were obtained from α-amino esters via Ir-catalyzed allylic amination. Differently hindered carbonates were synthesized via a protocol involving chemoselective Luche’s reduction, acylation, and allylic amination. Depending on the nature of the selected α-amino acid, we observed strong influence on the product regiochemistry due to the carbonate size and the amino-acid side chain. In particular, complete regioselectivity was observed in the aminic allylation of carbonates deriving from amino acids possessing a methylene unit in β-position. On the contrary, methyl carbonates deriving from β-branched amino acid afforded different results depending on the hindrance of the carbonate. Moreover, spontaneous cyclization was observed for carbamate-containing intermediates, allowing to obtain peptidomimetic polyfunctionalized dihydropyrimidine-2,4-dione. Finally, by inverting the order of reduction/acylation steps on the starting alkylidene acetoacetamides, the formation of polyfunctionalized 1,3-oxazinane-2,4-dione was obtained demonstrating the wide applications of these substrates for the preparation of bioactive peptidomimetics.

Synthesis of alpha/beta dipeptides containing linear or cyclic alpha-dehydro-beta-amino acids as scaffolds for bioactive compounds

Ferrazzano, L
;
Corbisiero, D;Greco, R;Garelli, A;Tolomelli, A
2019

Abstract

The synthesis of α/β dipeptides containing linear or cyclic α-dehydro-β-amino acids has been performed starting from alkylidene acetacetamides, which were obtained from α-amino esters via Ir-catalyzed allylic amination. Differently hindered carbonates were synthesized via a protocol involving chemoselective Luche’s reduction, acylation, and allylic amination. Depending on the nature of the selected α-amino acid, we observed strong influence on the product regiochemistry due to the carbonate size and the amino-acid side chain. In particular, complete regioselectivity was observed in the aminic allylation of carbonates deriving from amino acids possessing a methylene unit in β-position. On the contrary, methyl carbonates deriving from β-branched amino acid afforded different results depending on the hindrance of the carbonate. Moreover, spontaneous cyclization was observed for carbamate-containing intermediates, allowing to obtain peptidomimetic polyfunctionalized dihydropyrimidine-2,4-dione. Finally, by inverting the order of reduction/acylation steps on the starting alkylidene acetoacetamides, the formation of polyfunctionalized 1,3-oxazinane-2,4-dione was obtained demonstrating the wide applications of these substrates for the preparation of bioactive peptidomimetics.
Ferrazzano, L ; Corbisiero, D ; Greco, R ; Potenza, E ; De Seriis, G ; Garelli, A ; Tolomelli, A
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/723145
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact