BACKGROUND: Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) has been observed in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), raising concerns on the liver safety of MS drugs. OBJECTIVE: To describe DILI events with MS drugs by analyzing the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System. METHODS: DILI reports were extracted and classified in overall liver injury (OLI), including asymptomatic elevation of liver enzymes, and severe liver injury (SLI). We performed disproportionality analysis by calculating adjusted reporting odds ratios (RORs) with 95% confidence interval (CI) and case-by-case evaluation for concomitant drugs with hepatotoxic potential. RESULTS: Fampridine showed statistically significant ROR for both OLI and SLI, whereas teriflunomide and fingolimod generated solid disproportionality (ROR > 2) only for OLI (ROR, 2.31; 95% CI, 2.12-2.52; and 2.53; 2.40-2.66, respectively). Among monoclonal antibodies, only alemtuzumab generated higher-than-expected ROR for OLI (1.34; 1.09-1.65). We also detected the expected hepatotoxic potential of beta interferon and mitoxantrone. Concomitant reporting of hepatotoxic drugs ranged from 26% (dimethyl fumarate) to 90% (mitoxantrone). CONCLUSION: These real-world pharmacovigilance findings suggest that DILI might be a common feature of MS drugs and call for (1) formal population-based study to verify the risk of fampridine and (2) awareness by clinicians, who should assess the possible responsibility of MS drugs when they diagnose DILI.

Liver injury with drugs used for multiple sclerosis: A contemporary analysis of the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System

Ippazio Cosimo Antonazzo;Elisabetta Poluzzi;Emanuele Forcesi;Elisa Baldin;Luigi Muratori;Fabrizio De Ponti;Emanuel Raschi
2019

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) has been observed in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), raising concerns on the liver safety of MS drugs. OBJECTIVE: To describe DILI events with MS drugs by analyzing the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System. METHODS: DILI reports were extracted and classified in overall liver injury (OLI), including asymptomatic elevation of liver enzymes, and severe liver injury (SLI). We performed disproportionality analysis by calculating adjusted reporting odds ratios (RORs) with 95% confidence interval (CI) and case-by-case evaluation for concomitant drugs with hepatotoxic potential. RESULTS: Fampridine showed statistically significant ROR for both OLI and SLI, whereas teriflunomide and fingolimod generated solid disproportionality (ROR > 2) only for OLI (ROR, 2.31; 95% CI, 2.12-2.52; and 2.53; 2.40-2.66, respectively). Among monoclonal antibodies, only alemtuzumab generated higher-than-expected ROR for OLI (1.34; 1.09-1.65). We also detected the expected hepatotoxic potential of beta interferon and mitoxantrone. Concomitant reporting of hepatotoxic drugs ranged from 26% (dimethyl fumarate) to 90% (mitoxantrone). CONCLUSION: These real-world pharmacovigilance findings suggest that DILI might be a common feature of MS drugs and call for (1) formal population-based study to verify the risk of fampridine and (2) awareness by clinicians, who should assess the possible responsibility of MS drugs when they diagnose DILI.
Ippazio Cosimo Antonazzo; Elisabetta Poluzzi; Emanuele Forcesi; Trond Riise; Kjetil Bjornevik; Elisa Baldin; Luigi Muratori; Fabrizio De Ponti; Emanuel Raschi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/722076
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