The current study proposes an original oral delivery system for the bioavailability enhancement of indomethacin (IND), a BCS class II drug, with the aim to overcome the common limitations of amorphous solid dispersion. In fact, the potential risk of drug re-crystallization is a serious concern for the stability of amorphous systems and represents, despite the great bioavailability, one of the primary causes of their limited clinical applications. IND-loaded microparticles (MPs) were prepared by spray congealing using oral-approved excipients (Gelucire 50/13 and the recently marketed Gelucire 48/16). MPs were characterized regarding particle size, morphology, drug content and IND solid state; moreover, they were tested in vitro for IND solubility and dissolution rate. Solid state characterization indicated that IND was present into the MPs in the amorphous form. The best formulation showed a considerable enhancement in drug dissolution rate and 31-fold higher drug solubility than pure γ-IND. The oral administration of MPs showed 2.5-times increased bioavailability in vivo compared to either pure γ-IND or its physical mixture with unloaded MPs. Notably, the formulation was stable after 18 months with no changes in IND solid state and dissolution performance. This study offers a valid approach to enhance IND oral bioavailability by conversion into the amorphous form by spray congealed MPs, which have great potential for industrial application due to their characteristics of high encapsulation efficiency, no-toxicity, low-cost, prolonged stability and the use of a simple and easily scaled-up manufacturing technology.

Exploring the use of spray congealing to produce solid dispersions with enhanced indomethacin bioavailability: In vitro characterization and in vivo study

Bertoni S.;Albertini B.;Passerini N.
2019

Abstract

The current study proposes an original oral delivery system for the bioavailability enhancement of indomethacin (IND), a BCS class II drug, with the aim to overcome the common limitations of amorphous solid dispersion. In fact, the potential risk of drug re-crystallization is a serious concern for the stability of amorphous systems and represents, despite the great bioavailability, one of the primary causes of their limited clinical applications. IND-loaded microparticles (MPs) were prepared by spray congealing using oral-approved excipients (Gelucire 50/13 and the recently marketed Gelucire 48/16). MPs were characterized regarding particle size, morphology, drug content and IND solid state; moreover, they were tested in vitro for IND solubility and dissolution rate. Solid state characterization indicated that IND was present into the MPs in the amorphous form. The best formulation showed a considerable enhancement in drug dissolution rate and 31-fold higher drug solubility than pure γ-IND. The oral administration of MPs showed 2.5-times increased bioavailability in vivo compared to either pure γ-IND or its physical mixture with unloaded MPs. Notably, the formulation was stable after 18 months with no changes in IND solid state and dissolution performance. This study offers a valid approach to enhance IND oral bioavailability by conversion into the amorphous form by spray congealed MPs, which have great potential for industrial application due to their characteristics of high encapsulation efficiency, no-toxicity, low-cost, prolonged stability and the use of a simple and easily scaled-up manufacturing technology.
Bertoni S.; Albertini B.; Ferraro L.; Beggiato S.; Dalpiaz A.; Passerini N.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/721723
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 17
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 17
social impact