In the present study, we have investigated the effect of hydroxyectoine (Ect-OH), a heterocyclic amino acid, on oxygen evolution in photosystem II (PS II) membrane fragments and on photoinhibition of Mn-depleted PS II (apo-WOC-PS II) preparations. The degree of photoinhibition of apo-WOC-PS II preparations was estimated by the loss of the capability of exogenous electron donor (sodium ascorbate) to restore the amplitude of light-induced changes of chlorophyll fluorescence yield (∆F). It was found that Ect-OH (i) stimulates the oxygen-evolving activity of PS II, (ii) accelerates the electron transfer from exogenous electron donors (K4[Fe(CN)6], DPC, TMPD, Fe2+, and Mn2+) to the reaction center of apo-WOC-PS II, (iii) enhances the protective effect of exogenous electron donors against donor-side photoinhibition of apo-WOC-PS II preparations. It is assumed that Ect-OH can serve as an artificial electron donor for apo-WOC-PS II, which does not directly interact with either the donor or acceptor side of the reaction center. We suggest that the protein conformation in the presence of Ect-OH, which affects the extent of hydration, becomes favorable for accepting electrons from exogenous donors. To our knowledge, this is the first study dealing with redox activity of Ect-OH towards photosynthetic pigment–protein complexes.

Hydroxyectoine protects Mn-depleted photosystem II against photoinhibition acting as a source of electrons

Malferrari M.;Rapino S.;Venturoli G.;
2019

Abstract

In the present study, we have investigated the effect of hydroxyectoine (Ect-OH), a heterocyclic amino acid, on oxygen evolution in photosystem II (PS II) membrane fragments and on photoinhibition of Mn-depleted PS II (apo-WOC-PS II) preparations. The degree of photoinhibition of apo-WOC-PS II preparations was estimated by the loss of the capability of exogenous electron donor (sodium ascorbate) to restore the amplitude of light-induced changes of chlorophyll fluorescence yield (∆F). It was found that Ect-OH (i) stimulates the oxygen-evolving activity of PS II, (ii) accelerates the electron transfer from exogenous electron donors (K4[Fe(CN)6], DPC, TMPD, Fe2+, and Mn2+) to the reaction center of apo-WOC-PS II, (iii) enhances the protective effect of exogenous electron donors against donor-side photoinhibition of apo-WOC-PS II preparations. It is assumed that Ect-OH can serve as an artificial electron donor for apo-WOC-PS II, which does not directly interact with either the donor or acceptor side of the reaction center. We suggest that the protein conformation in the presence of Ect-OH, which affects the extent of hydration, becomes favorable for accepting electrons from exogenous donors. To our knowledge, this is the first study dealing with redox activity of Ect-OH towards photosynthetic pigment–protein complexes.
Yanykin D.V.; Malferrari M.; Rapino S.; Venturoli G.; Semenov A.Y.; Mamedov M.D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/716367
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