9-Hydroxystearic acid (9-HSA) is an endogenous cellular lipid that possesses antiproliferative and selective effects against cancer cells. A series of derivatives were synthesized in order to investigate the effect of the substituent in position 9 and on the methyl ester functionality on the biological activity. The two separate enantiomers of methyl 9-hydroxystearate and of methyl 9-aminostearate showed antiproliferative activity against the HT29 cell line. This indicates the importance of position 9 groups being able to make hydrogen bonding with the molecular target. Further, this effect must be preserved when the carboxy group of 9-HSA is esterified. The biological tests showed that the amines, contrarily to methyl esters, resulted in cytotoxicity. A deep investigation on the effect of methyl (R)-9-hydroxystearate on HT29 cells showed an antiproliferative effect acting through the CDKN1A and MYCBP gene expression.

Synthesis of 9-hydroxystearic acid derivatives and their antiproliferative activity on HT 29 cancer cells

Calonghi N.
Investigation
;
Boga C.
Conceptualization
;
Telese D.
Investigation
;
Bordoni S.
Investigation
;
Sartor G.
Resources
;
Torsello C.
Investigation
;
Micheletti G.
Investigation
2019

Abstract

9-Hydroxystearic acid (9-HSA) is an endogenous cellular lipid that possesses antiproliferative and selective effects against cancer cells. A series of derivatives were synthesized in order to investigate the effect of the substituent in position 9 and on the methyl ester functionality on the biological activity. The two separate enantiomers of methyl 9-hydroxystearate and of methyl 9-aminostearate showed antiproliferative activity against the HT29 cell line. This indicates the importance of position 9 groups being able to make hydrogen bonding with the molecular target. Further, this effect must be preserved when the carboxy group of 9-HSA is esterified. The biological tests showed that the amines, contrarily to methyl esters, resulted in cytotoxicity. A deep investigation on the effect of methyl (R)-9-hydroxystearate on HT29 cells showed an antiproliferative effect acting through the CDKN1A and MYCBP gene expression.
Calonghi N.; Boga C.; Telese D.; Bordoni S.; Sartor G.; Torsello C.; Micheletti G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/714128
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