Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) enable higher safety, enhanced mobility management, and new infotainment services. Currently, the foreseen standard at the medium access control (MAC) layer for VANETs is IEEE 802.11p, which is based on carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA). However, under heavy traffic conditions, CSMA/CA suffers from a high collision probability, particularly in the presence of hidden terminals. Furthermore, the adoption of the request-to-send/clear-to-send (RTS/CTS) mechanism is not effective when a high data rate is required. If high-throughput services are addressed, a new MAC protocol should, thus, be designed. To this aim, in this paper, we propose a new protocol, which is denoted as the orthogonal frequency-division multiple-access (OFDMA)-based MAC protocol for VANETs (OBV), and we compare it with other MAC protocols taken as benchmarks. To verify the feasibility and the performance of the proposed algorithm, we first propose an analytical model in a simplified scenario. Then, we develop exhaustive simulations in realistic scenarios, considering both urban and highway environments. Results show that OBV outperforms all reference protocols, even doubling their throughput under heavy-load network conditions.

An OFDMA-Based MAC Protocol for Next-Generation VANETs

Bazzi A.;Zanella A.;Masini B. M.
2015

Abstract

Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) enable higher safety, enhanced mobility management, and new infotainment services. Currently, the foreseen standard at the medium access control (MAC) layer for VANETs is IEEE 802.11p, which is based on carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA). However, under heavy traffic conditions, CSMA/CA suffers from a high collision probability, particularly in the presence of hidden terminals. Furthermore, the adoption of the request-to-send/clear-to-send (RTS/CTS) mechanism is not effective when a high data rate is required. If high-throughput services are addressed, a new MAC protocol should, thus, be designed. To this aim, in this paper, we propose a new protocol, which is denoted as the orthogonal frequency-division multiple-access (OFDMA)-based MAC protocol for VANETs (OBV), and we compare it with other MAC protocols taken as benchmarks. To verify the feasibility and the performance of the proposed algorithm, we first propose an analytical model in a simplified scenario. Then, we develop exhaustive simulations in realistic scenarios, considering both urban and highway environments. Results show that OBV outperforms all reference protocols, even doubling their throughput under heavy-load network conditions.
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY
Bazzi A.; Zanella A.; Masini B.M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/713202
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