Purpose: To evaluate choroidal structural changes occurring over time in geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular degeneration using choroidal vascularity index (CVI). Methods: Enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography scans of 34 patients with GA and 32 control subjects were retrospectively analyzed. Data were collected at baseline and after a mean follow-up of 18.3 ± 8.3 months. Choroidal images were binarized using the ImageJ software, and the luminal area and stromal area were segmented. Cho- roidal vascularity index was defined as the ratio of luminal area to total choroid area. Results: Patients with GA showed significantly lower values of CVI, total choroid area, luminal area, and subfoveal choroidal thickness compared to control subjects (65.83 ± 3.95 vs. 69.33 ± 3.11, P , 0.001; 0.400 ± 0.239 mm2 vs. 0.491 ± 0.132, P = 0.006; 0.263 ± 0.152 mm2 vs. 0.340 ± 0.094, P = 0.002; 185.2 ± 79.8 mm vs. 216.8 ± 58.8 mm, P = 0.036, respectively). Best-corrected visual acuity was significantly correlated only with choroidal thickness (R = 20.509; P = 0.002). During the follow-up period in patients with GA, sub- foveal choroidal thickness decreased from 185.2 ± 79.8 to 152.2 ± 73.1 (P = 0.001), stromal area increased from 0.138 ± 0.090 mm2 to 0.156 ± 0.068 (P = 0.028), and CVI decreased from 65.83 ± 3.95 to 62.24 ± 3.63 (P , 0.001). Conclusion: This study showed for the first time that CVI is reduced in patients with GA, and that this metric further worsened during the follow-up period.

Giannaccare, G., Pellegrini, M., Sebastiani, S., Bernabei, F., Moscardelli, F., Iovino, C., et al. (2020). CHOROIDAL VASCULARITY INDEX QUANTIFICATION IN GEOGRAPHIC ATROPHY USING BINARIZATION OF ENHANCED-DEPTH IMAGING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHIC SCANS. RETINA, 40(5), 960-965 [10.1097/IAE.0000000000002459].

CHOROIDAL VASCULARITY INDEX QUANTIFICATION IN GEOGRAPHIC ATROPHY USING BINARIZATION OF ENHANCED-DEPTH IMAGING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHIC SCANS

Giannaccare, Giuseppe
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Pellegrini, Marco;Sebastiani, Stefano;Bernabei, Federico;Moscardelli, Fabiana;Campos, Emilio
2020

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate choroidal structural changes occurring over time in geographic atrophy (GA) secondary to age-related macular degeneration using choroidal vascularity index (CVI). Methods: Enhanced-depth imaging optical coherence tomography scans of 34 patients with GA and 32 control subjects were retrospectively analyzed. Data were collected at baseline and after a mean follow-up of 18.3 ± 8.3 months. Choroidal images were binarized using the ImageJ software, and the luminal area and stromal area were segmented. Cho- roidal vascularity index was defined as the ratio of luminal area to total choroid area. Results: Patients with GA showed significantly lower values of CVI, total choroid area, luminal area, and subfoveal choroidal thickness compared to control subjects (65.83 ± 3.95 vs. 69.33 ± 3.11, P , 0.001; 0.400 ± 0.239 mm2 vs. 0.491 ± 0.132, P = 0.006; 0.263 ± 0.152 mm2 vs. 0.340 ± 0.094, P = 0.002; 185.2 ± 79.8 mm vs. 216.8 ± 58.8 mm, P = 0.036, respectively). Best-corrected visual acuity was significantly correlated only with choroidal thickness (R = 20.509; P = 0.002). During the follow-up period in patients with GA, sub- foveal choroidal thickness decreased from 185.2 ± 79.8 to 152.2 ± 73.1 (P = 0.001), stromal area increased from 0.138 ± 0.090 mm2 to 0.156 ± 0.068 (P = 0.028), and CVI decreased from 65.83 ± 3.95 to 62.24 ± 3.63 (P , 0.001). Conclusion: This study showed for the first time that CVI is reduced in patients with GA, and that this metric further worsened during the follow-up period.
2020
Giannaccare, G., Pellegrini, M., Sebastiani, S., Bernabei, F., Moscardelli, F., Iovino, C., et al. (2020). CHOROIDAL VASCULARITY INDEX QUANTIFICATION IN GEOGRAPHIC ATROPHY USING BINARIZATION OF ENHANCED-DEPTH IMAGING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHIC SCANS. RETINA, 40(5), 960-965 [10.1097/IAE.0000000000002459].
Giannaccare, Giuseppe; Pellegrini, Marco; Sebastiani, Stefano; Bernabei, Federico; Moscardelli, Fabiana; Iovino, Claudio; Napoli, Pietro E; Campos, Emilio
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/711700
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 15
  • Scopus 54
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 55
social impact