Purpose: To report the results of a patient’s tailored therapeutic approach using a second course of interventional radiotherapy (brachytherapy) in patients with locally recurrent uveal melanoma. Material and methods: Patients who had already undergone ocular brachytherapy treated at our IOC (Interventional Oncology Center) were considered. Five patients who has received a second course of treatment with a plaque after local recurrences were included in our study. Re-irradiation was performed with Ruthenium-106 (prescribed dose to the apex 100 Gy) or with Iodine-125 plaques (prescribed dose to the apex 85 Gy). Moreover, a systematic literature search was conducted through three electronic databases, including Medline/PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. Results: All patients were initially treated with Ruthenium-106 plaque; the re-irradiation was performed with Ruthenium-106 plaque in three cases and with Iodine in two cases. Mean time between the first and the second plaque was 56.8 months (range, 25-93 months). Local tumor control rate was 100%, no patient underwent secondary enucleation owing to re-treatment failure. Distant metastasis occurred in 1 patient after 6 months from re-treatment. After a median follow-up of 44.2 months (range, 26-65 months) from re-treatment, all patients experienced worsening of the visual acuity (median visual acuity was 0.42 at time of recurrence and decline to 0.24 at the most recent follow-up); cataract occurred in two cases, no patient developed scleral necrosis. We considered 2 papers for a systematic review. Conclusions: In selected cases, especially in presence of marginal local recurrence, a personalized re-treatment strategy with a plaque may offer high probability of tumor control and organ preservation but worsening of visual acuity.

Personalized re-treatment strategy for uveal melanoma local recurrences after interventional radiotherapy (brachytherapy): single institution experience and systematic literature review

Cammelli, Silvia;
2019

Abstract

Purpose: To report the results of a patient’s tailored therapeutic approach using a second course of interventional radiotherapy (brachytherapy) in patients with locally recurrent uveal melanoma. Material and methods: Patients who had already undergone ocular brachytherapy treated at our IOC (Interventional Oncology Center) were considered. Five patients who has received a second course of treatment with a plaque after local recurrences were included in our study. Re-irradiation was performed with Ruthenium-106 (prescribed dose to the apex 100 Gy) or with Iodine-125 plaques (prescribed dose to the apex 85 Gy). Moreover, a systematic literature search was conducted through three electronic databases, including Medline/PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. Results: All patients were initially treated with Ruthenium-106 plaque; the re-irradiation was performed with Ruthenium-106 plaque in three cases and with Iodine in two cases. Mean time between the first and the second plaque was 56.8 months (range, 25-93 months). Local tumor control rate was 100%, no patient underwent secondary enucleation owing to re-treatment failure. Distant metastasis occurred in 1 patient after 6 months from re-treatment. After a median follow-up of 44.2 months (range, 26-65 months) from re-treatment, all patients experienced worsening of the visual acuity (median visual acuity was 0.42 at time of recurrence and decline to 0.24 at the most recent follow-up); cataract occurred in two cases, no patient developed scleral necrosis. We considered 2 papers for a systematic review. Conclusions: In selected cases, especially in presence of marginal local recurrence, a personalized re-treatment strategy with a plaque may offer high probability of tumor control and organ preservation but worsening of visual acuity.
JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY BRACHYTHERAPY
Tagliaferri, Luca; Pagliara, Monica Maria; Fionda, Bruno; Scupola, Andrea; Azario, Luigi; Sammarco, Maria Grazia; Autorino, Rosa; Lancellotta, Valentina; Cammelli, Silvia; Caputo, Carmela Grazia; Monge, Rafael Martìnez; Kovács, György; Gambacorta, Maria Antonietta; Valentini, Vincenzo; Blasi, Maria Antonietta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/711309
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