Background: On-therapy impedance-pH monitoring in proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) yielded conflicting results. We aimed to assess the diagnostic value of postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index and mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI) in PPI-refractory heartburn. Methods: On-therapy impedance-pH tracings from 189 consecutive patients with PPI-refractory heartburn were blindly reviewed. Patients were subdivided into refractory reflux esophagitis (RRE), healed reflux esophagitis (HRE), non-erosive reflux disease (NERD), and functional heartburn (FH) according to endoscopic and conventional impedance-pH findings. The diagnostic accuracy of PSPW index and MNBI in separating NERD from FH was assessed with receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) analysis. Objectively documented persistent reflux remission at 3-year follow-up in 53 patients who underwent laparoscopic fundoplication served to evaluate PSPW index and MNBI as independent predictors of PPI-refractory GERD confirmed by positive surgical outcome. Key Results: Median PSPW index and MNBI values were significantly lower in 39 RRE (16%; 1145 Ω) than in 41 HRE (25%; 1741 Ω) and in 68 NERD (29%; 2374 Ω) patients, and in all three GERD subgroups compared to 41 FH cases (67%; 3488 Ω) (P<.008). At ROC analysis, comparing NERD to FH the area under the curve was 0.886 with PSPW index and 0.677 with MNBI (P=.005). PSPW index was an independent predictor of PPI-refractory GERD (odds ratio 0.6983, P=.012). Conclusions & Inferences: At on-therapy impedance-pH monitoring, PSPW index and MNBI efficiently distinguish PPI-refractory NERD from FH. The PSPW index represents an independent predictor of PPI-refractory GERD.

The added diagnostic value of postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave index and nocturnal baseline impedance in refractory reflux disease studied with on-therapy impedance-pH monitoring

Frazzoni L.;Furnari M.;Mirante V. G.;
2017

Abstract

Background: On-therapy impedance-pH monitoring in proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) yielded conflicting results. We aimed to assess the diagnostic value of postreflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index and mean nocturnal baseline impedance (MNBI) in PPI-refractory heartburn. Methods: On-therapy impedance-pH tracings from 189 consecutive patients with PPI-refractory heartburn were blindly reviewed. Patients were subdivided into refractory reflux esophagitis (RRE), healed reflux esophagitis (HRE), non-erosive reflux disease (NERD), and functional heartburn (FH) according to endoscopic and conventional impedance-pH findings. The diagnostic accuracy of PSPW index and MNBI in separating NERD from FH was assessed with receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) analysis. Objectively documented persistent reflux remission at 3-year follow-up in 53 patients who underwent laparoscopic fundoplication served to evaluate PSPW index and MNBI as independent predictors of PPI-refractory GERD confirmed by positive surgical outcome. Key Results: Median PSPW index and MNBI values were significantly lower in 39 RRE (16%; 1145 Ω) than in 41 HRE (25%; 1741 Ω) and in 68 NERD (29%; 2374 Ω) patients, and in all three GERD subgroups compared to 41 FH cases (67%; 3488 Ω) (P<.008). At ROC analysis, comparing NERD to FH the area under the curve was 0.886 with PSPW index and 0.677 with MNBI (P=.005). PSPW index was an independent predictor of PPI-refractory GERD (odds ratio 0.6983, P=.012). Conclusions & Inferences: At on-therapy impedance-pH monitoring, PSPW index and MNBI efficiently distinguish PPI-refractory NERD from FH. The PSPW index represents an independent predictor of PPI-refractory GERD.
Frazzoni M.; de Bortoli N.; Frazzoni L.; Tolone S.; Furnari M.; Martinucci I.; Mirante V.G.; Marchi S.; Savarino V.; Savarino E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/710787
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