Intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) is characterized by either liver steatosis or cholestasis and may develop in patients on long-term home parenteral nutrition for chronic intestinal failure. The pathogenesis of IFALD is multifactorial and includes gastrointestinal disease-related, parenteral nutrition-related, and systemic-related factors. Alteration of bile acid enterohepatic circulation, gut microbiome, and intestinal permeability, seem to be the main mechanisms. Patients forced to a total oral fasting regimen are at greater risk. Parenteral nutrition overfeeding and/or of soybean-based lipid emulsion may be contributing factors. Prevention and treatment are based on avoiding and promptly treating all the risk factors.

Intestinal Failure-Associated Liver Disease

Pironi L.
;
Sasdelli A. S.
2019

Abstract

Intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) is characterized by either liver steatosis or cholestasis and may develop in patients on long-term home parenteral nutrition for chronic intestinal failure. The pathogenesis of IFALD is multifactorial and includes gastrointestinal disease-related, parenteral nutrition-related, and systemic-related factors. Alteration of bile acid enterohepatic circulation, gut microbiome, and intestinal permeability, seem to be the main mechanisms. Patients forced to a total oral fasting regimen are at greater risk. Parenteral nutrition overfeeding and/or of soybean-based lipid emulsion may be contributing factors. Prevention and treatment are based on avoiding and promptly treating all the risk factors.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/710448
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 17
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 17
social impact