Computational Fluid Dynamic allows scientists and engineers to investigate fluid flow in complex geometries and evaluate heat transfer between a solid body and a fluid. In the present paper we study the heat transfer of a Lead Bismuth Eutectic (LBE) turbulent flow in a bare 19 pin nuclear reactor bundle. When dealing with low Prandtl number fluids, like LBE for which Pr = 0.025, proper turbulence models are needed to improve the prediction of heat transfer. We use here a four logarithmic parameter turbulence model in order to calculate Reynolds stresses and turbulent heat flux. In particular, an equation for temperature fluctuations and one for their dissipation are solved. These variables are used to model thermal characteristic time scales. The results are reported for different values of the Peclet number and a fixed value of the pitch to diameter ratio. The obtained values of the Nusselt number are compared with experimental correlations, that can be found in literature, and with the ones obtained using a Simple Eddy Diffusivity model, where the eddy thermal diffusivity is calculated as proportional to eddy viscosity through a modeled turbulent Prandtl number.

Numerical simulation of a turbulent Lead Bismuth Eutectic flow inside a 19 pin nuclear reactor bundle with a four logarithmic parameter turbulence model

Chierici A.;Chirco L.;Manservisi S.
2019

Abstract

Computational Fluid Dynamic allows scientists and engineers to investigate fluid flow in complex geometries and evaluate heat transfer between a solid body and a fluid. In the present paper we study the heat transfer of a Lead Bismuth Eutectic (LBE) turbulent flow in a bare 19 pin nuclear reactor bundle. When dealing with low Prandtl number fluids, like LBE for which Pr = 0.025, proper turbulence models are needed to improve the prediction of heat transfer. We use here a four logarithmic parameter turbulence model in order to calculate Reynolds stresses and turbulent heat flux. In particular, an equation for temperature fluctuations and one for their dissipation are solved. These variables are used to model thermal characteristic time scales. The results are reported for different values of the Peclet number and a fixed value of the pitch to diameter ratio. The obtained values of the Nusselt number are compared with experimental correlations, that can be found in literature, and with the ones obtained using a Simple Eddy Diffusivity model, where the eddy thermal diffusivity is calculated as proportional to eddy viscosity through a modeled turbulent Prandtl number.
Journal of Physics: Conference Series
1
15
Chierici A.; Chirco L.; Da Via R.; Manservisi S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/709643
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