BACKGROUND: In the past years several reviews have analysed different aspects of surgical techniques for patients with LUTS due to BPE however none of them have concentrated on large prostates treatment exclusively. Moreover, none of the reviews have focused on level 1 evidence which is essential to avoid bias and wrong conclusions. With this knowledge in mind, aim of the present review is to analyse the available randomized clinical trials assessing the management of patients with big prostates (>80cc). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of the literature using the Medline, Scopus and Web of Science databases for relevant articles published until January 2019 was performed using both the Medical Subjects Heading and free test protocols. The search was conducted by combining the following terms: "Enucleation", "Prostate", "Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia", "Holmium", "laser", "adenomectomy" "Randomized clinical trial", "Big" "large" "prostate", ">80", "≥80", "transurethral resection of prostate", "Thulium", "Diode", "laparoscopy", "robotic", "Plasmakinetic", "green light" "532 nm" "YAG" "Lower Urinary tract symptoms". Only randomized clinical trials were included in the analysis. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Overall 9 RCTs were retrieved with most of them reporting data at 1 year. The present trials compared enucleation, vaporization and open techniques between each other. In terms of perioperative outcomes all the techniques had similar operative times and resected weight however catheterization time and hospital stay were better in endoscopic techniques when compared to open surgery. In terms of functional outcomes (IPSS, QMAX and PVR) none of the techniques was proven superior to the other. When considering complications open procedures carried a higher risk of transfusions whileno technique was proven superior to the others in terms of transient urge urinary incontinence, bladder neck contracture and reintervention. Only one trial was retrieved reporting five years data confirming the safety, efficacy and durability of simple prostatectomy SP and holmium laser enucleation of the prostate at five years. CONCLUSIONS: According to our review no technique may be considered better than the other when treating large adenomas. Studies are still lacking to prove long term efficacy and future studies should clarify the role of prostatic artery embolization and minimally invasive simple prostatectomy in the management of prostates larger than 80 ml.

What is the standard surgical approach to large volume BPE? Systematic review of existing randomized clinical trials / Leonardo C, Lombardo R, Cindolo L, Antonelli A, Greco F, Porreca A, Veneziano D, Pastore A, Dalpiaz O, Ceruti C, Verze P, Borghesi M, Schiavina R, Falabella R, Minervini A;. - In: MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA. - ISSN 1827-1758. - STAMPA. - 72:1(2020), pp. 22-29. [10.23736/S0393-2249.19.03589-6]

What is the standard surgical approach to large volume BPE? Systematic review of existing randomized clinical trials

Borghesi M;Schiavina R;
2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In the past years several reviews have analysed different aspects of surgical techniques for patients with LUTS due to BPE however none of them have concentrated on large prostates treatment exclusively. Moreover, none of the reviews have focused on level 1 evidence which is essential to avoid bias and wrong conclusions. With this knowledge in mind, aim of the present review is to analyse the available randomized clinical trials assessing the management of patients with big prostates (>80cc). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of the literature using the Medline, Scopus and Web of Science databases for relevant articles published until January 2019 was performed using both the Medical Subjects Heading and free test protocols. The search was conducted by combining the following terms: "Enucleation", "Prostate", "Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia", "Holmium", "laser", "adenomectomy" "Randomized clinical trial", "Big" "large" "prostate", ">80", "≥80", "transurethral resection of prostate", "Thulium", "Diode", "laparoscopy", "robotic", "Plasmakinetic", "green light" "532 nm" "YAG" "Lower Urinary tract symptoms". Only randomized clinical trials were included in the analysis. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Overall 9 RCTs were retrieved with most of them reporting data at 1 year. The present trials compared enucleation, vaporization and open techniques between each other. In terms of perioperative outcomes all the techniques had similar operative times and resected weight however catheterization time and hospital stay were better in endoscopic techniques when compared to open surgery. In terms of functional outcomes (IPSS, QMAX and PVR) none of the techniques was proven superior to the other. When considering complications open procedures carried a higher risk of transfusions whileno technique was proven superior to the others in terms of transient urge urinary incontinence, bladder neck contracture and reintervention. Only one trial was retrieved reporting five years data confirming the safety, efficacy and durability of simple prostatectomy SP and holmium laser enucleation of the prostate at five years. CONCLUSIONS: According to our review no technique may be considered better than the other when treating large adenomas. Studies are still lacking to prove long term efficacy and future studies should clarify the role of prostatic artery embolization and minimally invasive simple prostatectomy in the management of prostates larger than 80 ml.
2020
What is the standard surgical approach to large volume BPE? Systematic review of existing randomized clinical trials / Leonardo C, Lombardo R, Cindolo L, Antonelli A, Greco F, Porreca A, Veneziano D, Pastore A, Dalpiaz O, Ceruti C, Verze P, Borghesi M, Schiavina R, Falabella R, Minervini A;. - In: MINERVA UROLOGICA E NEFROLOGICA. - ISSN 1827-1758. - STAMPA. - 72:1(2020), pp. 22-29. [10.23736/S0393-2249.19.03589-6]
Leonardo C, Lombardo R, Cindolo L, Antonelli A, Greco F, Porreca A, Veneziano D, Pastore A, Dalpiaz O, Ceruti C, Verze P, Borghesi M, Schiavina R, Falabella R, Minervini A;
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/703980
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