BackgroundChronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a hematologic disorder in dogs, but studies on prognostic factors and clinical outcome are lacking. In people, several prognostic factors have been identified and currently are used to manage patients and determine therapy.ObjectivesThe aim of the study was to determine if the immunophenotype of neoplastic cells predicts survival in canine CLL.DesignRetrospective study.AnimalsForty-three dogs with CLL.ProceduresRecords of dogs with a final diagnosis of CLL were reviewed. For each included dog, a CBC, blood smear for microscopic reevaluation, and immunophenotyping data had to be available. Data on signalment, history, clinical findings, therapy, follow-up, as well as date and cause of death were retrieved.ResultsSeventeen dogs had B-CLL (CD21+), 19 had T-CLL (CD3+ CD8+), and 7 had atypical CLL (3 CD3- CD8+, 2 CD3+ CD4- CD8-, 1 CD3+ CD4+ CD8+, and 1 CD3+ CD21+). Among the variables considered, only immunophenotype was associated with survival. Dogs with T-CLL had approximately 3-fold and 19-fold higher probability of surviving than dogs with B-CLL and atypical CLL, respectively. Old dogs with B-CLL survived significantly longer than did young dogs, and anemic dogs with T-CLL survived a significantly shorter time than dogs without anemia.ConclusionsAlthough preliminary, results suggested that immunophenotype is useful to predict survival in dogs with CLL. Young age and anemia are associated with shorter survival in dogs with B-CLL and T-CLL, respectively.

Immunophenotype Predicts Survival Time in Dogs with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia / Comazzi S.; Gelain M.E.; Martini V.; Riondato F.; Miniscalco B.; Marconato L.; Stefanello D.; Mortarino M.. - In: JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 0891-6640. - ELETTRONICO. - 25:1(2011), pp. 100-106. [10.1111/j.1939-1676.2010.0640.x]

Immunophenotype Predicts Survival Time in Dogs with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Marconato L.;
2011

Abstract

BackgroundChronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a hematologic disorder in dogs, but studies on prognostic factors and clinical outcome are lacking. In people, several prognostic factors have been identified and currently are used to manage patients and determine therapy.ObjectivesThe aim of the study was to determine if the immunophenotype of neoplastic cells predicts survival in canine CLL.DesignRetrospective study.AnimalsForty-three dogs with CLL.ProceduresRecords of dogs with a final diagnosis of CLL were reviewed. For each included dog, a CBC, blood smear for microscopic reevaluation, and immunophenotyping data had to be available. Data on signalment, history, clinical findings, therapy, follow-up, as well as date and cause of death were retrieved.ResultsSeventeen dogs had B-CLL (CD21+), 19 had T-CLL (CD3+ CD8+), and 7 had atypical CLL (3 CD3- CD8+, 2 CD3+ CD4- CD8-, 1 CD3+ CD4+ CD8+, and 1 CD3+ CD21+). Among the variables considered, only immunophenotype was associated with survival. Dogs with T-CLL had approximately 3-fold and 19-fold higher probability of surviving than dogs with B-CLL and atypical CLL, respectively. Old dogs with B-CLL survived significantly longer than did young dogs, and anemic dogs with T-CLL survived a significantly shorter time than dogs without anemia.ConclusionsAlthough preliminary, results suggested that immunophenotype is useful to predict survival in dogs with CLL. Young age and anemia are associated with shorter survival in dogs with B-CLL and T-CLL, respectively.
2011
Immunophenotype Predicts Survival Time in Dogs with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia / Comazzi S.; Gelain M.E.; Martini V.; Riondato F.; Miniscalco B.; Marconato L.; Stefanello D.; Mortarino M.. - In: JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 0891-6640. - ELETTRONICO. - 25:1(2011), pp. 100-106. [10.1111/j.1939-1676.2010.0640.x]
Comazzi S.; Gelain M.E.; Martini V.; Riondato F.; Miniscalco B.; Marconato L.; Stefanello D.; Mortarino M.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
CLL phenotype prognosis JVIM.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipo: Versione (PDF) editoriale
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale (CCBYNC)
Dimensione 384.67 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
384.67 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/702797
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 14
  • Scopus 60
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 48
social impact