The development and design of innovative biomass waste to energy conversion processes is a key issue to pursue the implementation of circular economy and to endorse a sustainable management of agricultural land. Assessing the environmental and economic sustainability of such processes is of paramount importance to prevent the trade-off of their impacts. The present study focused on a novel biomass waste to energy conversion process based on thermocatalytic reforming (TCR). Two different agricultural waste substrates (olive wood pruning and digestate) were selected as reference cases for conversion to energy and valuable material fractions. Mass and energy balances allowed the calculation of environmental and economic indexes considering alternative scenarios for the final use of the energy and of the products obtained from the TCR conversion (i.e. syngas, bio-oil and bio-char). A sensitivity analysis was carried out to assess the robustness of results. The overall performances of the TCR process resulted strongly related to the characteristics of the biomass waste and to the possible use of the product fractions obtained in the TCR process. The use of bio-char for soil amendment, allowed by the high quality of bio-char obtained from the TCR, was a key point to improve the expected environmental and economic sustainability of the conversion process.

Techno-economic and environmental sustainability of biomass waste conversion based on thermocatalytic reforming

Casson Moreno V.;Tugnoli A.;Cozzani V.
2020

Abstract

The development and design of innovative biomass waste to energy conversion processes is a key issue to pursue the implementation of circular economy and to endorse a sustainable management of agricultural land. Assessing the environmental and economic sustainability of such processes is of paramount importance to prevent the trade-off of their impacts. The present study focused on a novel biomass waste to energy conversion process based on thermocatalytic reforming (TCR). Two different agricultural waste substrates (olive wood pruning and digestate) were selected as reference cases for conversion to energy and valuable material fractions. Mass and energy balances allowed the calculation of environmental and economic indexes considering alternative scenarios for the final use of the energy and of the products obtained from the TCR conversion (i.e. syngas, bio-oil and bio-char). A sensitivity analysis was carried out to assess the robustness of results. The overall performances of the TCR process resulted strongly related to the characteristics of the biomass waste and to the possible use of the product fractions obtained in the TCR process. The use of bio-char for soil amendment, allowed by the high quality of bio-char obtained from the TCR, was a key point to improve the expected environmental and economic sustainability of the conversion process.
Casson Moreno V.; Iervolino G.; Tugnoli A.; Cozzani V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/702516
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