Because of its possible effect on mesenteric blood flow, the presence of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is often of concern for the introduction of enteral feeds in preterm neonates. Near-infrared spectroscopy allows a continuous monitoring of splanchnic oxygenation (SrSO2) and may provide useful hemodynamic information. This observational study evaluated SrSO2 patterns in response to first feed administration in 50 preterm infants <32 weeks' gestation with different ductal status. According to their echocardiographic characteristics, the enrolled infants were divided into the following groups: pulsatile PDA with hemodynamically significant features, restrictive PDA, and no evidence of PDA. The presence of PDA, either with restrictive or hemodynamically significant characteristics, does not significantly affect SrSO2 response to enteral feeding introduction and is not associated with increased rates of gut complications. This finding may provide encouraging evidence in support of early enteral nutrition in very preterm infants with PDA.

Effect of Patent Ductus Arteriosus on Splanchnic Oxygenation at Enteral Feeding Introduction in Very Preterm Infants

Martini S.
Primo
;
Corvaglia L.;Aceti A.;Vitali F.;Faldella G.;Galletti S.
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Because of its possible effect on mesenteric blood flow, the presence of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is often of concern for the introduction of enteral feeds in preterm neonates. Near-infrared spectroscopy allows a continuous monitoring of splanchnic oxygenation (SrSO2) and may provide useful hemodynamic information. This observational study evaluated SrSO2 patterns in response to first feed administration in 50 preterm infants <32 weeks' gestation with different ductal status. According to their echocardiographic characteristics, the enrolled infants were divided into the following groups: pulsatile PDA with hemodynamically significant features, restrictive PDA, and no evidence of PDA. The presence of PDA, either with restrictive or hemodynamically significant characteristics, does not significantly affect SrSO2 response to enteral feeding introduction and is not associated with increased rates of gut complications. This finding may provide encouraging evidence in support of early enteral nutrition in very preterm infants with PDA.
Martini S.; Corvaglia L.; Aceti A.; Vitali F.; Faldella G.; Galletti S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/700466
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