Summary: We used inverse modelling techniques and soil moisture measured by the cosmic-ray neutron sensing (CRS) to estimate root-zone soil hydraulic properties at the field scale. A HYDRUS-1D model was developed for inverse modelling and calibrated with parameter estimation software (PEST) using a global optimizer. Integral CRS measurements recorded from a sunflower farm in Germany comprised the model input. Data were transformed to soil water storage to enable direct model calibration with a HYDRUS soil-water balance. Effective properties at the CRS scale were compared against local measurements and other inversely estimated soil properties from independent soil moisture profiles. Moreover, CRS-scale soil properties were tested on the basis of how field soil moisture (vertical distribution) and soil water storage were reproduced. This framework provided good estimates of effective soil properties at the CRS scale. Simulated soil moisture at different depths at the CRS scale agreed with field observations. Moreover, simulated soil water storage at the CRS scale compared well with calculations from point-scale profiles, despite their different support volumes. The CRS-scale soil properties estimated with the inverse model were within the range of variation of properties identified from all inverse simulations at the local scale. This study demonstrates the potential of CRS for inverse estimation of soil hydraulic properties.

Inverse modelling of cosmic-ray soil moisture for field-scale soil hydraulic parameters

Baroni G.;
2014

Abstract

Summary: We used inverse modelling techniques and soil moisture measured by the cosmic-ray neutron sensing (CRS) to estimate root-zone soil hydraulic properties at the field scale. A HYDRUS-1D model was developed for inverse modelling and calibrated with parameter estimation software (PEST) using a global optimizer. Integral CRS measurements recorded from a sunflower farm in Germany comprised the model input. Data were transformed to soil water storage to enable direct model calibration with a HYDRUS soil-water balance. Effective properties at the CRS scale were compared against local measurements and other inversely estimated soil properties from independent soil moisture profiles. Moreover, CRS-scale soil properties were tested on the basis of how field soil moisture (vertical distribution) and soil water storage were reproduced. This framework provided good estimates of effective soil properties at the CRS scale. Simulated soil moisture at different depths at the CRS scale agreed with field observations. Moreover, simulated soil water storage at the CRS scale compared well with calculations from point-scale profiles, despite their different support volumes. The CRS-scale soil properties estimated with the inverse model were within the range of variation of properties identified from all inverse simulations at the local scale. This study demonstrates the potential of CRS for inverse estimation of soil hydraulic properties.
Rivera Villarreyes C.A.; Baroni G.; Oswald S.E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/689432
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