A series of Au/TiO 2 based catalysts with low gold loading (0.1-0.5 wt%) were prepared by a modified deposition-precipitation method and their activity was tested for CO 2 photoreduction in the liquid phase at high pressure (7 bar). Methanol, formic acid and formaldehyde were detected as major products in the liquid phase, whilst gas phase products, CO, CH 4 and H 2 , were produced at different concentrations depending on the catalyst formulation. The deposition of small Au nanoparticles (3-5 nm) (NPs) onto TiO 2 was found to quantitatively influence the product distribution and the productivities of various products. Characterization techniques, such as DRIFTS, XRD and TEM/HAADF, were used to correlate the photocatalyst features with the photoactivity obtained. Methanol productivities of 1360 and 1350 mmol kg cat-1 h -1 were attained for 0.2 wt% Au/TiO 2 and 0.5 wt% Au/TiO 2 , respectively, which are impressive results with respect to the literature. However, the highest loaded sample revealed simultaneously the highest H 2 and CH 4 productivities. By contrast, lower activity was obtained using anatase and rutile pure phases, with respect to the mixed phase P25 commercial sample, confirming the key role of interfacial defects between borders of different crystalline phases.

High pressure CO 2 photoreduction using Au/TiO 2 : Unravelling the effect of co-catalysts and of titania polymorphs

Dimitratos N.;Rossetti I.
2019

Abstract

A series of Au/TiO 2 based catalysts with low gold loading (0.1-0.5 wt%) were prepared by a modified deposition-precipitation method and their activity was tested for CO 2 photoreduction in the liquid phase at high pressure (7 bar). Methanol, formic acid and formaldehyde were detected as major products in the liquid phase, whilst gas phase products, CO, CH 4 and H 2 , were produced at different concentrations depending on the catalyst formulation. The deposition of small Au nanoparticles (3-5 nm) (NPs) onto TiO 2 was found to quantitatively influence the product distribution and the productivities of various products. Characterization techniques, such as DRIFTS, XRD and TEM/HAADF, were used to correlate the photocatalyst features with the photoactivity obtained. Methanol productivities of 1360 and 1350 mmol kg cat-1 h -1 were attained for 0.2 wt% Au/TiO 2 and 0.5 wt% Au/TiO 2 , respectively, which are impressive results with respect to the literature. However, the highest loaded sample revealed simultaneously the highest H 2 and CH 4 productivities. By contrast, lower activity was obtained using anatase and rutile pure phases, with respect to the mixed phase P25 commercial sample, confirming the key role of interfacial defects between borders of different crystalline phases.
2019
Bahadori E.; Tripodi A.; Villa A.; Pirola C.; Prati L.; Ramis G.; Dimitratos N.; Wang D.; Rossetti I.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/689331
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