Improving the stability of the cathode interface is one of the critical issues for the development of high-performance Li/O2 batteries. The most critical feature to address is the development of electrolytes that mitigate side reactions that bring about cathode passivation. It is well known that superoxide anion (O2-) formed during O2 reduction plays a critical role. Here, we propose the scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) as analytical tool to screen the electrolyte of Li/O2 batteries. We demonstrate that by SECM it is possible to evaluate the stability of O2 - and of the cathode to the passivation process occurring during the oxygen redox reaction. Specifically, we report about a study carried out at glassy carbon electrode in 1-butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (PYR14TFSI) and lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI), and tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether with LiTFSI, the latter ranging from salt insolvent to solvent-in-salt region.

Oxygen Redox Reaction in Ionic Liquid and Ionic Liquid-like Based Electrolytes: A Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Study

Ruggeri, Irene;Arbizzani, Catia;Rapino, Stefania
;
Soavi, Francesca
2019

Abstract

Improving the stability of the cathode interface is one of the critical issues for the development of high-performance Li/O2 batteries. The most critical feature to address is the development of electrolytes that mitigate side reactions that bring about cathode passivation. It is well known that superoxide anion (O2-) formed during O2 reduction plays a critical role. Here, we propose the scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) as analytical tool to screen the electrolyte of Li/O2 batteries. We demonstrate that by SECM it is possible to evaluate the stability of O2 - and of the cathode to the passivation process occurring during the oxygen redox reaction. Specifically, we report about a study carried out at glassy carbon electrode in 1-butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (PYR14TFSI) and lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI), and tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether with LiTFSI, the latter ranging from salt insolvent to solvent-in-salt region.
Ruggeri, Irene; Arbizzani, Catia; Rapino, Stefania; Soavi, Francesca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/689053
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