The accumulation of high amounts of petroleum-derived plastics in the environment has raised ecological and health concerns. The aim of this work was to study the biodegradative abilities of five bacterial strains, namely Pseudomonas chlororaphis, Pseudomonas citronellolis, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus flexus and Chelatococcus daeguensis, towards polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene and polyvinyl chloride films under aerobic conditions. Preliminary screening resulted in the selection of P. citronellolis and B. flexus as potential PVC film degraders. Both strains were able to form a biofilm on the plastic film surface and to cause some modifications to the FTIR spectra of biomass-free PVC films. The two strains were then used to set up a PVC film biodegradation assay in 2-liter flasks. After 45 days incubation, fragmentation of the film was observed, suggesting that PVC biodegradative activity took place. Gel permeation chromatography analysis showed a reduction in average molecular weight of 10% for PVC incubated with P. citronellolis, with PVC polymer chains apparently attacked. Based on these results, the P. citronellolis strain was selected for biodegradation assays of two waste PVC films, used either nonsterile or subjected to ethanol sterilization. Chemical analyses on the incubated films confirmed the biodegradation of waste PVC plastics as shown by a gravimetric weight loss of up to about 19% after 30 days incubation. In summary, this work reports the biodegradation of PVC films by P. citronellolis and B. flexus. Both strains were shown to act mainly against PVC additives, exhibiting a low biodegradation rate of PVC polymer.

Polyvinyl chloride biodegradation by Pseudomonas citronellolis and Bacillus flexus

Giacomucci, Lucia;Raddadi, Noura
;
Soccio, Michelina;Lotti, Nadia;Fava, Fabio
2019

Abstract

The accumulation of high amounts of petroleum-derived plastics in the environment has raised ecological and health concerns. The aim of this work was to study the biodegradative abilities of five bacterial strains, namely Pseudomonas chlororaphis, Pseudomonas citronellolis, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus flexus and Chelatococcus daeguensis, towards polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene and polyvinyl chloride films under aerobic conditions. Preliminary screening resulted in the selection of P. citronellolis and B. flexus as potential PVC film degraders. Both strains were able to form a biofilm on the plastic film surface and to cause some modifications to the FTIR spectra of biomass-free PVC films. The two strains were then used to set up a PVC film biodegradation assay in 2-liter flasks. After 45 days incubation, fragmentation of the film was observed, suggesting that PVC biodegradative activity took place. Gel permeation chromatography analysis showed a reduction in average molecular weight of 10% for PVC incubated with P. citronellolis, with PVC polymer chains apparently attacked. Based on these results, the P. citronellolis strain was selected for biodegradation assays of two waste PVC films, used either nonsterile or subjected to ethanol sterilization. Chemical analyses on the incubated films confirmed the biodegradation of waste PVC plastics as shown by a gravimetric weight loss of up to about 19% after 30 days incubation. In summary, this work reports the biodegradation of PVC films by P. citronellolis and B. flexus. Both strains were shown to act mainly against PVC additives, exhibiting a low biodegradation rate of PVC polymer.
2019
Giacomucci, Lucia; Raddadi, Noura*; Soccio, Michelina; Lotti, Nadia; Fava, Fabio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/687387
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