Evidences of a crosstalk between Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) and Glucocorticoid Receptor (GR) has been reported, ranging from the modulation of receptor levels or GR mediated transcriptional repression of EGFR target genes, with modifications of epigenetic markers. The present study focuses on the involvement of EGFR positive and negative feedback genes in the establishment of cetuximab (CTX) resistance in metastatic Colorectal Cancer (CRC) patients. We evaluated the expression profile of the EGFR ligands TGFA and HBEGF, along with the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1B and IL-8, which were previously reported to be negatively associated with monoclonal antibody response, both in mice and patient specimens. Among EGFR negative feedback loops, we focused on ERRFI1, DUSP1, LRIG3, and LRIG1. We observed that EGFR positive feedback genes are increased in CTX-resistant cells, whereas negative feedback genes are reduced. Next, we tested the expression of these genes in CTX-resistant cells upon GR modulation. We unveiled that GR activation leads to an increase in ERRFI1, DUSP1, and LRIG1, which were shown to restrict EGFR activity, along with a decrease in the EGFR activators (TGFA and IL-8). Finally, in a cohort of xenopatients, stratified for response to cetuximab, we observed an inverse association between the expression level of LRIG1 and CRC progression upon CTX treatment. Our model implies that combining GR modulation to EGFR inhibition may yield an effective treatment strategy in halting cancer progression.

Glucocorticoid Receptor Modulates EGFR Feedback upon Acquisition of Resistance to Monoclonal Antibodies

Gelfo, Valerio;Mazzeschi, Martina;Mazzarini, Maria;Solmi, Rossella;D’Uva, Gabriele;Lauriola, Mattia;SGARZI, MICHELA
2019

Abstract

Evidences of a crosstalk between Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) and Glucocorticoid Receptor (GR) has been reported, ranging from the modulation of receptor levels or GR mediated transcriptional repression of EGFR target genes, with modifications of epigenetic markers. The present study focuses on the involvement of EGFR positive and negative feedback genes in the establishment of cetuximab (CTX) resistance in metastatic Colorectal Cancer (CRC) patients. We evaluated the expression profile of the EGFR ligands TGFA and HBEGF, along with the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1B and IL-8, which were previously reported to be negatively associated with monoclonal antibody response, both in mice and patient specimens. Among EGFR negative feedback loops, we focused on ERRFI1, DUSP1, LRIG3, and LRIG1. We observed that EGFR positive feedback genes are increased in CTX-resistant cells, whereas negative feedback genes are reduced. Next, we tested the expression of these genes in CTX-resistant cells upon GR modulation. We unveiled that GR activation leads to an increase in ERRFI1, DUSP1, and LRIG1, which were shown to restrict EGFR activity, along with a decrease in the EGFR activators (TGFA and IL-8). Finally, in a cohort of xenopatients, stratified for response to cetuximab, we observed an inverse association between the expression level of LRIG1 and CRC progression upon CTX treatment. Our model implies that combining GR modulation to EGFR inhibition may yield an effective treatment strategy in halting cancer progression.
Gelfo, Valerio; Pontis, Francesca; Mazzeschi, Martina; Sgarzi, Michela; Mazzarini, Maria; Solmi, Rossella; D’Uva, Gabriele; Lauriola, Mattia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/685988
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