Background and Aims: Hot snare polypectomy and EMR are the standard of care in resecting colorectal polyps ≥10 mm. To avoid the risk of electrocautery-induced damage, there is recent evidence about using cold snare polypectomy and cold EMR for such lesions. The aim of this pooled analysis is to report outcomes of cold snare resection for polyps ≥10 mm. Methods: PubMed/Medline, Embase, Google Scholar, and Cochrane databases were searched up to July 2018 to identify studies that performed cold snare resection for colorectal polyps ≥10 mm. Primary outcomes were adverse events (bleeding, perforation, and postpolypectomy abdominal pain), and secondary outcomes were the rates of complete resection, overall residual polyp rates, and rates for adenomas versus sessile serrated polyps (SSPs). Subgroup analysis was performed focusing on lesion size, location, and resection technique. Results: Eight studies were included in the final analysis that included 522 colorectal polyps with a mean polyp size of 17.5 mm (range, 10-60). The overall adverse event rate was 1.1% (95% confidence interval, CI, 0.2%-2.0%; I 2 = 0%). Intra- and postprocedural bleeding rates were.7% (95% CI, 0%-1.4%) and.5% (95% CI,.1%-1.2%), respectively, with abdominal pain rate being.6% (95% CI,.1%-1.3%). Polyps ≥20 mm had a higher intraprocedural bleeding rate of 1.3% (95% CI,.7%-3.3%) and abdominal pain rate of 1.2% (95% CI,.7%-3.0%) but no delayed bleedings. No perforations were reported. The complete resection rate was 99.3% (95% CI, 98.6%-100%). Overall pooled residual rates of polyps of any histology, adenomas, and SSPs were 4.1% (95% CI,.2%-8.4%), 11.1% (95% CI, 4.1%-18.1%), and 1.0% (95% CI,.4%-2.4%), respectively, during a follow-up period ranging from 154 to 258 days. Conclusions: The results of this systematic review and pooled analysis were excellent with cold snare resection of colorectal polyps >10 mm in terms of postpolypectomy bleeding, complete resection, and residual polyp rates. Randomized controlled trials comparing cold snare resection with hot snare resections of polyps ≥10 mm are required for further investigation.

Cold snare endoscopic resection of nonpedunculated colorectal polyps larger than 10 mm: a systematic review and pooled-analysis

Fuccio, Lorenzo;Frazzoni, Leonardo;
2019

Abstract

Background and Aims: Hot snare polypectomy and EMR are the standard of care in resecting colorectal polyps ≥10 mm. To avoid the risk of electrocautery-induced damage, there is recent evidence about using cold snare polypectomy and cold EMR for such lesions. The aim of this pooled analysis is to report outcomes of cold snare resection for polyps ≥10 mm. Methods: PubMed/Medline, Embase, Google Scholar, and Cochrane databases were searched up to July 2018 to identify studies that performed cold snare resection for colorectal polyps ≥10 mm. Primary outcomes were adverse events (bleeding, perforation, and postpolypectomy abdominal pain), and secondary outcomes were the rates of complete resection, overall residual polyp rates, and rates for adenomas versus sessile serrated polyps (SSPs). Subgroup analysis was performed focusing on lesion size, location, and resection technique. Results: Eight studies were included in the final analysis that included 522 colorectal polyps with a mean polyp size of 17.5 mm (range, 10-60). The overall adverse event rate was 1.1% (95% confidence interval, CI, 0.2%-2.0%; I 2 = 0%). Intra- and postprocedural bleeding rates were.7% (95% CI, 0%-1.4%) and.5% (95% CI,.1%-1.2%), respectively, with abdominal pain rate being.6% (95% CI,.1%-1.3%). Polyps ≥20 mm had a higher intraprocedural bleeding rate of 1.3% (95% CI,.7%-3.3%) and abdominal pain rate of 1.2% (95% CI,.7%-3.0%) but no delayed bleedings. No perforations were reported. The complete resection rate was 99.3% (95% CI, 98.6%-100%). Overall pooled residual rates of polyps of any histology, adenomas, and SSPs were 4.1% (95% CI,.2%-8.4%), 11.1% (95% CI, 4.1%-18.1%), and 1.0% (95% CI,.4%-2.4%), respectively, during a follow-up period ranging from 154 to 258 days. Conclusions: The results of this systematic review and pooled analysis were excellent with cold snare resection of colorectal polyps >10 mm in terms of postpolypectomy bleeding, complete resection, and residual polyp rates. Randomized controlled trials comparing cold snare resection with hot snare resections of polyps ≥10 mm are required for further investigation.
Thoguluva Chandrasekar, Viveksandeep; Spadaccini, Marco; Aziz, Muhammad; Maselli, Roberta; Hassan, Seemeen; Fuccio, Lorenzo; Duvvuri, Abhiram; Frazzoni, Leonardo; Desai, Madhav; Fugazza, Alessandro; Jegadeesan, Ramprasad; Colombo, Matteo; Dasari, Chandra Skekhar; Hassan, Cesare; Sharma, Prateek; Repici, Alessandro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/685580
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