Increased understanding of the cellular mechanisms associated with various malignancies has allowed researchers to develop agents that selectively target the cellular proteins and pathways implicated in the pathogenesis of malignancy. Tipifarnib is a specific and potent farnesyltransferase inhibitor that demonstrates in vivo and in vitro activity against a variety of human cancers. Although tipifarnib was initially thought to target the Ras protein, recent evidence suggests that the presence of ras mutations is not necessary for the antitumor effects of tipifarnib, and that tipifarnib may exert its effects downstream of Ras. The oral administration and favorable toxicity profile of tipifarnib, combined with its activity in a variety of intracellular pathways that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of hematologic malignancies, make it an especially attractive agent for use in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndromes, chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), and multiple myeloma. Because hematologic malignancies are likely driven by multiple genetic aberrations, the most effective treatment strategy will likely combine multiple agents with complementary mechanisms of action. Thus, additional studies of combination regimens that incorporate tipifarnib with other antineoplastic agents are crucial. Early results from studies combining tipifarnib with imatinib or etoposide in CML and AML have been promising and warrant further evaluation in larger clinical trials.

Farnesyltransferase inhibition in hematologic malignancies: the clinical experience with tipifarnib

MARTINELLI, GIOVANNI;IACOBUCCI, ILARIA;PAOLINI, STEFANIA;OTTAVIANI, EMANUELA
2008

Abstract

Increased understanding of the cellular mechanisms associated with various malignancies has allowed researchers to develop agents that selectively target the cellular proteins and pathways implicated in the pathogenesis of malignancy. Tipifarnib is a specific and potent farnesyltransferase inhibitor that demonstrates in vivo and in vitro activity against a variety of human cancers. Although tipifarnib was initially thought to target the Ras protein, recent evidence suggests that the presence of ras mutations is not necessary for the antitumor effects of tipifarnib, and that tipifarnib may exert its effects downstream of Ras. The oral administration and favorable toxicity profile of tipifarnib, combined with its activity in a variety of intracellular pathways that have been implicated in the pathogenesis of hematologic malignancies, make it an especially attractive agent for use in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myelodysplastic syndromes, chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), and multiple myeloma. Because hematologic malignancies are likely driven by multiple genetic aberrations, the most effective treatment strategy will likely combine multiple agents with complementary mechanisms of action. Thus, additional studies of combination regimens that incorporate tipifarnib with other antineoplastic agents are crucial. Early results from studies combining tipifarnib with imatinib or etoposide in CML and AML have been promising and warrant further evaluation in larger clinical trials.
2008
Martinelli G; Iacobucci I; Paolini S; Ottaviani E.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/68464
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact