In the current work, we have implemented an extension of the standard Gaussian Process formalism, namely the Multi-Task Gaussian Process with the ability to perform a joint learning of several cosmological data simultaneously. We have utilised the "low-redshift" expansion rate data from Supernovae Type-Ia (SN), Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAO) and Cosmic Chronometers (CC) data in a joint analysis. We have tested several possible models of covariance functions and find very consistent estimates for cosmologically relevant parameters. In the current formalism, we also find provisions for heuristic arguments which allow us to select the best-suited kernel for the reconstruction of expansion rate data. We also utilised our method to account for systematics in CC data and find an estimate of H0 = 68.52+0.94 + 2.51 (sys)−0.94 km/s Mpc−1 and a corresponding rd = 145.61+2.82 − 2.82 − 4.3 (sys) Mpc as our primary result. Subsequently, we find constraints on the present deceleration parameter q0 = −0.52 ± 0.06 and the transition redshift zT = 0.64+0.12−0.09. All the estimated cosmological parameters are found to be in good agreement with the standard ΛCDM scenario. Including the local model-independent H0 estimate to the analysis we find H0 = 71.40 + 0.30 + 1.65 (sys)− 0.30 km/s Mpc−1 and the corresponding rd = 141.29 + 1.31 −1.31−2.63 (sys) Mpc. Also, the constraints on rd H0 remain consistent throughout our analysis and also with the model-dependent CMB estimate. Using the Script Om(z) diagnostic, we find that the concordance model is very consistent within the redshift range z ≲ 2 and mildly discrepant for z ≳ 2.

An improved model-independent assessment of the late-time cosmic expansion / Moresco, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS. - ISSN 1475-7516. - STAMPA. - 2018:10(2018), pp. 15.1-15.36. [10.1088/1475-7516/2018/10/015]

An improved model-independent assessment of the late-time cosmic expansion

Moresco, M.
Conceptualization
2018

Abstract

In the current work, we have implemented an extension of the standard Gaussian Process formalism, namely the Multi-Task Gaussian Process with the ability to perform a joint learning of several cosmological data simultaneously. We have utilised the "low-redshift" expansion rate data from Supernovae Type-Ia (SN), Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAO) and Cosmic Chronometers (CC) data in a joint analysis. We have tested several possible models of covariance functions and find very consistent estimates for cosmologically relevant parameters. In the current formalism, we also find provisions for heuristic arguments which allow us to select the best-suited kernel for the reconstruction of expansion rate data. We also utilised our method to account for systematics in CC data and find an estimate of H0 = 68.52+0.94 + 2.51 (sys)−0.94 km/s Mpc−1 and a corresponding rd = 145.61+2.82 − 2.82 − 4.3 (sys) Mpc as our primary result. Subsequently, we find constraints on the present deceleration parameter q0 = −0.52 ± 0.06 and the transition redshift zT = 0.64+0.12−0.09. All the estimated cosmological parameters are found to be in good agreement with the standard ΛCDM scenario. Including the local model-independent H0 estimate to the analysis we find H0 = 71.40 + 0.30 + 1.65 (sys)− 0.30 km/s Mpc−1 and the corresponding rd = 141.29 + 1.31 −1.31−2.63 (sys) Mpc. Also, the constraints on rd H0 remain consistent throughout our analysis and also with the model-dependent CMB estimate. Using the Script Om(z) diagnostic, we find that the concordance model is very consistent within the redshift range z ≲ 2 and mildly discrepant for z ≳ 2.
2018
An improved model-independent assessment of the late-time cosmic expansion / Moresco, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS. - ISSN 1475-7516. - STAMPA. - 2018:10(2018), pp. 15.1-15.36. [10.1088/1475-7516/2018/10/015]
Moresco, M.
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