Objective Patients who have undergone transplantation often develop metabolic syndrome (MetS) and de-novo nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Our aim was to evaluate the impact of metabolic disease on cardiovascular and neoplastic risk and survival. Patients and methods Data from patients who underwent transplantation between 2000 and 2005 in two Italian transplant centers were analyzed. Cox regression analysis was carried out for predictors of de-novo NAFLD and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cardiovascular events, de-novo extrahepatic cancers, and survival. Survival analysis was completed using the Kaplan-Meier method. A P value less than 0.05 was considered significant for all tests. Results De-novo NAFLD was found in one-fifth of 194 patients. Patients with de-novo NAFLD fulfilled the criteria of MetS in 74.4% of cases, while patients without de-novo NAFLD in 29.8% (P=0.000). On multivariate analysis, MetS correlated independently with de-novo NAFLD and this emerged as an independent predictor of cardiovascular events and as a relevant risk factor for solid extrahepatic cancer. Data on smoking habits, which represent a consolidated risk factor for cardiovascular events and cancer in both the general population and patients who have undergone transplantation, are not available. In the subset of histologically proven NASH, it was the strongest predictor of long-term survival (hazard ratio=4.133, 95% confidence interval: 1.385-12.331, P=0.011). Conclusion Post-transplant NAFLD represented a strong risk factor for cardiovascular atherosclerotic disease and solid extrahepatic cancer, whereas de novo histologically proven NASH was an independent predictor of long-term mortality.

De-novo nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is associated with long-term increased mortality in liver transplant recipients

Gitto, Stefano;Maroni, Lorenzo;Cescon, Matteo;Pinna, Antonio D.;Andreone, Pietro;
2018

Abstract

Objective Patients who have undergone transplantation often develop metabolic syndrome (MetS) and de-novo nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Our aim was to evaluate the impact of metabolic disease on cardiovascular and neoplastic risk and survival. Patients and methods Data from patients who underwent transplantation between 2000 and 2005 in two Italian transplant centers were analyzed. Cox regression analysis was carried out for predictors of de-novo NAFLD and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cardiovascular events, de-novo extrahepatic cancers, and survival. Survival analysis was completed using the Kaplan-Meier method. A P value less than 0.05 was considered significant for all tests. Results De-novo NAFLD was found in one-fifth of 194 patients. Patients with de-novo NAFLD fulfilled the criteria of MetS in 74.4% of cases, while patients without de-novo NAFLD in 29.8% (P=0.000). On multivariate analysis, MetS correlated independently with de-novo NAFLD and this emerged as an independent predictor of cardiovascular events and as a relevant risk factor for solid extrahepatic cancer. Data on smoking habits, which represent a consolidated risk factor for cardiovascular events and cancer in both the general population and patients who have undergone transplantation, are not available. In the subset of histologically proven NASH, it was the strongest predictor of long-term survival (hazard ratio=4.133, 95% confidence interval: 1.385-12.331, P=0.011). Conclusion Post-transplant NAFLD represented a strong risk factor for cardiovascular atherosclerotic disease and solid extrahepatic cancer, whereas de novo histologically proven NASH was an independent predictor of long-term mortality.
2018
Gitto, Stefano; De Maria, Nicola; Di Benedetto, Fabrizio; Tarantino, Giuseppe; Serra, Valentina; Maroni, Lorenzo; Cescon, Matteo; Pinna, Antonio D.; Schepis, Filippo; Andreone, Pietro; Villa, Erica*
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/674384
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 10
  • Scopus 30
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 25
social impact