The aim of the paper is the study of fluid mixtures in nanotubes by the methods of continuum mechanics. The model starts from a statistical distribution in mean-field molecular theory and uses a density expansion of Taylor series. We get a continuous expression of the volume free energy with density's spatial derivatives limited at the second order. The nanotubes can be filled with liquid or vapor according to the chemical characteristics of the walls and of liquid or vapor mixture bulks. An example of a two-fluid mixture constituted of water and ethanol inside carbon nanotubes at 20C is considered. When diameters are small enough, nanotubes are filled with a liquid mixture whatever are the liquid or vapor mixture bulks. The carbon wall influences the ratio of the fluid components in favor of ethanol. The fluid mixture flows across nanotubes can be much more important than classical ones and if the external bulk is vapor, then the flow can be several hundred thousand times larger than Poiseuille flow.

Fluid mixtures in nanotubes

Muracchini, Augusto;Ruggeri, Tommaso
2018

Abstract

The aim of the paper is the study of fluid mixtures in nanotubes by the methods of continuum mechanics. The model starts from a statistical distribution in mean-field molecular theory and uses a density expansion of Taylor series. We get a continuous expression of the volume free energy with density's spatial derivatives limited at the second order. The nanotubes can be filled with liquid or vapor according to the chemical characteristics of the walls and of liquid or vapor mixture bulks. An example of a two-fluid mixture constituted of water and ethanol inside carbon nanotubes at 20C is considered. When diameters are small enough, nanotubes are filled with a liquid mixture whatever are the liquid or vapor mixture bulks. The carbon wall influences the ratio of the fluid components in favor of ethanol. The fluid mixture flows across nanotubes can be much more important than classical ones and if the external bulk is vapor, then the flow can be several hundred thousand times larger than Poiseuille flow.
Gouin, Henri*; Muracchini, Augusto; Ruggeri, Tommaso
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
PR.E97-2018.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipo: Postprint
Licenza: Licenza per accesso libero gratuito
Dimensione 582.52 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
582.52 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/672744
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact