High removal rate in milling operations can be limited by chatter occurrence. Several studies on this self-excited vibration can be found in the literature: simple models (1 or 2 dofs) are proposed, i.e. a lumped parameter model of the milling machine being excited by regenerative, time- varying cutting forces. In this study, the machine tool spindle was modeled by a discrete modal approach, based on the continuous beam shape, analytical eigenfunctions, while the eigenvalues were mainly experimentally identified. The regenerative cutting force components lend to a set of Delay Differential Equations (DDEs) with periodic coefficients; DDEs were numerically integrated for different machining conditions. The stability lobe chart was evaluated using the semi-discretization method. Time histories, spectra and Poincaré maps related to the vibratory behavior of the system were numerically obtained and differences with respect to the bifurcations predicted by the simplest models known in literature are pointed out. Some different behaviors in the shape of the stability lobe charts and in the spectra of the chatter vibrations were also observed.

Chatter Vibration Modeling in High Speed Milling Operations

CATANIA, GIUSEPPE;MANCINELLI, NICOLO'
2008

Abstract

High removal rate in milling operations can be limited by chatter occurrence. Several studies on this self-excited vibration can be found in the literature: simple models (1 or 2 dofs) are proposed, i.e. a lumped parameter model of the milling machine being excited by regenerative, time- varying cutting forces. In this study, the machine tool spindle was modeled by a discrete modal approach, based on the continuous beam shape, analytical eigenfunctions, while the eigenvalues were mainly experimentally identified. The regenerative cutting force components lend to a set of Delay Differential Equations (DDEs) with periodic coefficients; DDEs were numerically integrated for different machining conditions. The stability lobe chart was evaluated using the semi-discretization method. Time histories, spectra and Poincaré maps related to the vibratory behavior of the system were numerically obtained and differences with respect to the bifurcations predicted by the simplest models known in literature are pointed out. Some different behaviors in the shape of the stability lobe charts and in the spectra of the chatter vibrations were also observed.
Proc. of the IMECE2008, ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and R&D EXPO
1
10
G. Catania; N. Mancinelli
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/67163
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