We recommend that intestinal failure associated liver disease (IFALD) should be diagnosed by the presence of abnormal liver function tests and/or evidence of radiological and/or histological liver abnormalities occurring in an individual with IF, in the absence of another primary parenchymal liver pathology (e.g. viral or autoimmune hepatitis), other hepatotoxic factors (e.g. alcohol/medication) or biliary obstruction. The presence or absence of sepsis should be noted, along with the duration of PN administration. Abnormal liver histology is not mandatory for a diagnosis of IFALD and the decision to perform a liver biopsy should be made on a case-by-case basis, but should be particularly considered in those with a persistent abnormal conjugated bilirubin in the absence of intra or extra-hepatic cholestasis on radiological imaging and/or persistent or worsening hyperbilirubinaemia despite resolution of any underlying sepsis and/or any clinical or radiological features of chronic liver disease. Nutritional approaches aimed at minimising PN overfeeding and optimising oral/enteral nutrition should be instituted to prevent and/or manage IFALD. We further recommend that the lipid administered is limited to less than 1 g/kg/day, and the prescribed omega-6/omega-3 PUFA ratio is reduced wherever possible. For patients with any evidence of progressive hepatic fibrosis or overt liver failure, combined intestinal and liver transplantation should be considered.

Clinical approach to the management of Intestinal Failure Associated Liver Disease (IFALD) in adults: A position paper from the Home Artificial Nutrition and Chronic Intestinal Failure Special Interest Group of ESPEN

Pironi, Loris;
2018

Abstract

We recommend that intestinal failure associated liver disease (IFALD) should be diagnosed by the presence of abnormal liver function tests and/or evidence of radiological and/or histological liver abnormalities occurring in an individual with IF, in the absence of another primary parenchymal liver pathology (e.g. viral or autoimmune hepatitis), other hepatotoxic factors (e.g. alcohol/medication) or biliary obstruction. The presence or absence of sepsis should be noted, along with the duration of PN administration. Abnormal liver histology is not mandatory for a diagnosis of IFALD and the decision to perform a liver biopsy should be made on a case-by-case basis, but should be particularly considered in those with a persistent abnormal conjugated bilirubin in the absence of intra or extra-hepatic cholestasis on radiological imaging and/or persistent or worsening hyperbilirubinaemia despite resolution of any underlying sepsis and/or any clinical or radiological features of chronic liver disease. Nutritional approaches aimed at minimising PN overfeeding and optimising oral/enteral nutrition should be instituted to prevent and/or manage IFALD. We further recommend that the lipid administered is limited to less than 1 g/kg/day, and the prescribed omega-6/omega-3 PUFA ratio is reduced wherever possible. For patients with any evidence of progressive hepatic fibrosis or overt liver failure, combined intestinal and liver transplantation should be considered.
Lal, Simon; Pironi, Loris; Wanten, Geert; Arends, Jann; Bozzetti, Federico; Cuerda, Cristina; Joly, Francisca; Kelly, Darlene; Staun, Michael; Szczepanek, Kinga; Van Gossum, Andre; Schneider, Stephane Michel
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/671374
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