In this work we propose an analysis of a novel Low Energy (LE) parallel hole collimator for high resolution SPET applications. The tested prototype, realized jointly with Nuclear Fields, is a lead parallel hole collimator with 1.0 mm hexagonal hole, 18 mm length, 0.2 mm septa and 10x10 cm2 of useful detection area. It was planned to match the high spatial resolution performances of a compact gamma camera based on LaBr3(Ce) continuous scintillation crystal. The imaging performance of this prototype is compared with a tungsten pinhole collimator (1.0 mm diameter) and with a couple of 1.5 mm parallel hole collimators, 22 mm and 40 mm length with 0.2 mm septa respectively. All the collimators were individually coupled to a scintillation gamma camera based on LaBr3(Ce) continuous crystal and multi anode PMT Hamamatsu H8500. The high intrinsic spatial resolution of the crystal enhances the response of collimators at short source-to-collimator distance –SCD overcoming problems in alignment with the collimator pattern. Spatial resolution and sensitivity were evaluated by scanning the detector field of view at different SCD using a Co57 point source. The parallel hole prototype showed SR better than pinhole with 28 mm FoV. In term of sensitivity, it showed values greater than pinhole one at FoV larger than 2.4 cm. In comparison with LEHR parallel hole collimators, the prototype carried out better SR values at SCD lower than 20 mm with two times more sensitivity. Moreover, the overall SR improved of 20% with respect to the LEGP one at all SCD, with only 35% loss of sensitivity. The collimator prototype seemed complementary with the use of pinhole one and in addition when coupled to the compact LaBr3(Ce) gamma camera can allow a very attractive trade-off between spatial resolution, sensitivity and detection area for radionuclide molecular imaging applications.

A Novel Parallel Hole Collimator for High Resolution SPET Imaging with a Compact LaBr3 Gamma Camera

LO MEO, SERGIO;LANCONELLI, NICO;NAVARRIA, FRANCESCO LUIGI;
2008

Abstract

In this work we propose an analysis of a novel Low Energy (LE) parallel hole collimator for high resolution SPET applications. The tested prototype, realized jointly with Nuclear Fields, is a lead parallel hole collimator with 1.0 mm hexagonal hole, 18 mm length, 0.2 mm septa and 10x10 cm2 of useful detection area. It was planned to match the high spatial resolution performances of a compact gamma camera based on LaBr3(Ce) continuous scintillation crystal. The imaging performance of this prototype is compared with a tungsten pinhole collimator (1.0 mm diameter) and with a couple of 1.5 mm parallel hole collimators, 22 mm and 40 mm length with 0.2 mm septa respectively. All the collimators were individually coupled to a scintillation gamma camera based on LaBr3(Ce) continuous crystal and multi anode PMT Hamamatsu H8500. The high intrinsic spatial resolution of the crystal enhances the response of collimators at short source-to-collimator distance –SCD overcoming problems in alignment with the collimator pattern. Spatial resolution and sensitivity were evaluated by scanning the detector field of view at different SCD using a Co57 point source. The parallel hole prototype showed SR better than pinhole with 28 mm FoV. In term of sensitivity, it showed values greater than pinhole one at FoV larger than 2.4 cm. In comparison with LEHR parallel hole collimators, the prototype carried out better SR values at SCD lower than 20 mm with two times more sensitivity. Moreover, the overall SR improved of 20% with respect to the LEGP one at all SCD, with only 35% loss of sensitivity. The collimator prototype seemed complementary with the use of pinhole one and in addition when coupled to the compact LaBr3(Ce) gamma camera can allow a very attractive trade-off between spatial resolution, sensitivity and detection area for radionuclide molecular imaging applications.
IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium & Medical Imaging Conference Record
R. Pani; R. Pellegrini; P. Bennati; M. N. Cinti; S. Ridolfi; R. Scafè; G. De Vincentis; S. Lo Meo; N. Lanconelli; F. Navarria; G. Moschini; A. Fabbri; E. D'Abramo; D. Sacco; V. Orsolini Cencelli; F. de Notaristefani
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/66622
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact