Heart tissue is remarkably sensitive to oxygen deprivation. Although heart cells, like those of most tissues, rapidly adapt to anoxic conditions, relatively short periods of ischaemia and subsequent reperfusion lead to extensive tissue death during cardiac infarction. Heart tissue is not readily regenerated, and permanent heart damage is the result. Although mitochondria maintain normal heart function by providing virtually all of the heart’s ATP, they are also implicated in the development of ischaemic damage. While mitochondria do provide some mechanisms that protect against ischaemic damage (such as an endogenous inhibitor of the F1Fo-ATPase and antioxidant enzymes), they also possess a range of elements that exacerbate it, including ROS (reactive oxygen species) generators, the mitochondrial permeability transition pore, and their ability to release apoptotic factors. This review considers the process of ischaemic damage from a mitochondrial viewpoint. It considers ischaemic changes in the inner membrane complexes I–V, and how this might affect formation of ROS and high-energy phosphate production/ degradation.We discuss the contribution of various mitochondrial cation channels to ionic imbalances which seem to be a major cause of reperfusion injury. The different roles of the H+, Ca2+ and the various K+ channel transporters are considered, particularly the K+ATP (ATP-dependent K+) channels. A possible role for the mitochondrial permeability transition pore in ischaemic damage is assessed. Finally, we summarize the metabolic and pharmacological interventions that have been used to alleviate the effects of ischaemic injury, highlighting the value of these or related interventions in possible therapeutics.

Biochemical dysfunction in heart mitochondria exposed to ischaemia and reperfusion

SOLAINI, GIANCARLO;
2005

Abstract

Heart tissue is remarkably sensitive to oxygen deprivation. Although heart cells, like those of most tissues, rapidly adapt to anoxic conditions, relatively short periods of ischaemia and subsequent reperfusion lead to extensive tissue death during cardiac infarction. Heart tissue is not readily regenerated, and permanent heart damage is the result. Although mitochondria maintain normal heart function by providing virtually all of the heart’s ATP, they are also implicated in the development of ischaemic damage. While mitochondria do provide some mechanisms that protect against ischaemic damage (such as an endogenous inhibitor of the F1Fo-ATPase and antioxidant enzymes), they also possess a range of elements that exacerbate it, including ROS (reactive oxygen species) generators, the mitochondrial permeability transition pore, and their ability to release apoptotic factors. This review considers the process of ischaemic damage from a mitochondrial viewpoint. It considers ischaemic changes in the inner membrane complexes I–V, and how this might affect formation of ROS and high-energy phosphate production/ degradation.We discuss the contribution of various mitochondrial cation channels to ionic imbalances which seem to be a major cause of reperfusion injury. The different roles of the H+, Ca2+ and the various K+ channel transporters are considered, particularly the K+ATP (ATP-dependent K+) channels. A possible role for the mitochondrial permeability transition pore in ischaemic damage is assessed. Finally, we summarize the metabolic and pharmacological interventions that have been used to alleviate the effects of ischaemic injury, highlighting the value of these or related interventions in possible therapeutics.
SOLAINI G.; HARRIS D.A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/6654
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