Obesity and related pathologies such as diabetes and metabolic syndrome are associated with chronic inflammation and cancer. The serum level of xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) is correlated to obesity-associated metabolic disorders. XOR can play a role in the pathogenesis of both metabolic syndrome and cancer through the inflammatory response and the oxidative stress elicited by the products of its activity. The reactive oxygen and nitrogen species and the uric acid derived from XOR concur to the development of hypertension, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance and participate in both cell transformation and proliferation, as well as in the progression and metastasis process. Despite the availability of different drugs to inhibit in vivo XOR activity, the complexity of XOR inhibition effects should be carefully considered before clinical application, save in the case of symptomatic hyperuricemia.

Metabolic syndrome and cancer risk: The role of xanthine oxidoreductase

Battelli, Maria Giulia;Bortolotti, Massimo;Polito, Letizia
;
Bolognesi, Andrea
2019

Abstract

Obesity and related pathologies such as diabetes and metabolic syndrome are associated with chronic inflammation and cancer. The serum level of xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) is correlated to obesity-associated metabolic disorders. XOR can play a role in the pathogenesis of both metabolic syndrome and cancer through the inflammatory response and the oxidative stress elicited by the products of its activity. The reactive oxygen and nitrogen species and the uric acid derived from XOR concur to the development of hypertension, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance and participate in both cell transformation and proliferation, as well as in the progression and metastasis process. Despite the availability of different drugs to inhibit in vivo XOR activity, the complexity of XOR inhibition effects should be carefully considered before clinical application, save in the case of symptomatic hyperuricemia.
Battelli, Maria Giulia; Bortolotti, Massimo; Polito, Letizia*; Bolognesi, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/664814
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