Bile acids (BAs) are endogenous steroids involved in the transport of lipids in bile, acting also as molecular signaling hormones. Primary BAs synthesized in the liver undergo several metabolic pathways in the intestine by gut microbiota to produce secondary BAs. Together with secondary BAs, other metabolites have been recovered from human faeces, including many oxo-BA analogues produced in the colon through oxidation of BA hydroxy groups. However, the complete oxo-BA characterization in biospecimens (particularly intestinal content and faeces) has not been reported yet, hampering the assessment of their potential physiological role. Herein, we have developed and validated a new RP-HPLC-ESI-MS/MS method in negative ionization mode for the simultaneous analysis of 21 oxo-BAs and their 7 metabolic BAs precursors in human faeces. The elution was performed in gradient mode and 28 compounds, including primary, secondary BAs, and their oxo-derivatives, were separated within 50 min at 40 °C column temperature. The method is accurate (bias% <13%), precise (CV% <10%), with limits of quantification (LOQ <30 ng/mLextract samples), similar for all the studied compounds. The matrix effect does not significantly affect the analysis accuracy, allowing the use of standard solutions for the quantifications, without matrix-matched protocols. Thanks to the high detectability and the relatively high concentration of oxo-BAs (about μg/gwet faeces), the method does not require a pre-analytical clean-up step. This method was used to identify and quantify oxo-BAs in human faecal samples from healthy subjects, serving as a proof of concept for application in patients with hepatobiliary disease and bacteria overgrowth.

Identification and quantification of oxo-bile acids in human faeces with liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry: A potent tool for human gut acidic sterolbiome studies

Porru, E.;Fiori, J.;Caliceti, C.;Simoni, P.;Roda, A.
2019

Abstract

Bile acids (BAs) are endogenous steroids involved in the transport of lipids in bile, acting also as molecular signaling hormones. Primary BAs synthesized in the liver undergo several metabolic pathways in the intestine by gut microbiota to produce secondary BAs. Together with secondary BAs, other metabolites have been recovered from human faeces, including many oxo-BA analogues produced in the colon through oxidation of BA hydroxy groups. However, the complete oxo-BA characterization in biospecimens (particularly intestinal content and faeces) has not been reported yet, hampering the assessment of their potential physiological role. Herein, we have developed and validated a new RP-HPLC-ESI-MS/MS method in negative ionization mode for the simultaneous analysis of 21 oxo-BAs and their 7 metabolic BAs precursors in human faeces. The elution was performed in gradient mode and 28 compounds, including primary, secondary BAs, and their oxo-derivatives, were separated within 50 min at 40 °C column temperature. The method is accurate (bias% <13%), precise (CV% <10%), with limits of quantification (LOQ <30 ng/mLextract samples), similar for all the studied compounds. The matrix effect does not significantly affect the analysis accuracy, allowing the use of standard solutions for the quantifications, without matrix-matched protocols. Thanks to the high detectability and the relatively high concentration of oxo-BAs (about μg/gwet faeces), the method does not require a pre-analytical clean-up step. This method was used to identify and quantify oxo-BAs in human faecal samples from healthy subjects, serving as a proof of concept for application in patients with hepatobiliary disease and bacteria overgrowth.
Franco, P.; Porru, E.; Fiori, J.; Gioiello, A.; Cerra, B.; Roda, G.; Caliceti, C.; Simoni, P.; Roda, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/664351
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