Abstract Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-ToF-MS) was used to generate quantitative elemental images of a mineralogically and texturally complex fault rock of the Northern Apennines of Italy (Zuccale Fault, eastern Island of Elba). Using LA-ICP-ToF-MS combined with a low-dispersion LA cell, we were able to generate large format (4 mm × 2 mm), high-resolution (5 μm), high dynamic range (1–106 μg g−1), and quantitative multi-elemental two-dimensional compositional maps within a data acquisition time of a few hours. To quantify element mass fractions across the heterogeneous sample of the Zuccale Fault, we used a 100% species-mass normalisation approach that took into account different mineral phases across the specimen. To assign mineral phase directly from LA-ICP-ToF-MS data, we exploited the segregation of sulfur and calcium between distinct phases to threshold element images and develop mineral-phase-specific masks. Moreover, we demonstrate agreement between elemental mass fractions determined by LA-ICP-ToF-MS imaging with 100% normalisation quantification and conventional LA-ICP-MS analysis with internal standard element-based quantification. Finally, we discuss how this elemental imaging provides unique insights into the genesis of the Zuccale Fault.

High-Resolution, Quantitative Element Imaging of an Upper Crust, Low-Angle Cataclasite (Zuccale Fault, Northern Apennines) by Laser Ablation ICP Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

GRAHAM, ALEXANDER GUNDLACH;Garofalo, Paolo S.;REDI, DANIELE;
2018

Abstract

Abstract Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-ToF-MS) was used to generate quantitative elemental images of a mineralogically and texturally complex fault rock of the Northern Apennines of Italy (Zuccale Fault, eastern Island of Elba). Using LA-ICP-ToF-MS combined with a low-dispersion LA cell, we were able to generate large format (4 mm × 2 mm), high-resolution (5 μm), high dynamic range (1–106 μg g−1), and quantitative multi-elemental two-dimensional compositional maps within a data acquisition time of a few hours. To quantify element mass fractions across the heterogeneous sample of the Zuccale Fault, we used a 100% species-mass normalisation approach that took into account different mineral phases across the specimen. To assign mineral phase directly from LA-ICP-ToF-MS data, we exploited the segregation of sulfur and calcium between distinct phases to threshold element images and develop mineral-phase-specific masks. Moreover, we demonstrate agreement between elemental mass fractions determined by LA-ICP-ToF-MS imaging with 100% normalisation quantification and conventional LA-ICP-MS analysis with internal standard element-based quantification. Finally, we discuss how this elemental imaging provides unique insights into the genesis of the Zuccale Fault.
Gundlach-Graham, Alexander; Garofalo, Paolo S.; Schwarz, Gunnar; Redi, Daniele; Günther, Detlef
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/664186
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