Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is a major complication after stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Several randomized studies already demonstrated that anti-T lymphoglobulin (ATLG) is effective in preventing GVHD after myeloablative unrelated and HLA-identical sibling transplants. However, the issue of doses and the potential increase of relapses still remain unsolved. Here we report data on 190 patients with acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome who underwent an unrelated HSCT with low-dose ATLG (15 to 30 mg/kg) given at an earlier timing (days -6 to -2). HSCT was performed from HLA 10/10 (n = 62, 33%), 9/10 (n = 91, 48%), 8/10 (n = 30, 16%), and <8/10 (n = 7, 4%) identical unrelated donor. Peripheral blood was the stem cell source in 42% (n = 80). Median follow-up was 51 months. Grades II to IV and III to IV acute GVHD were 26% and 9%, respectively, and 2-year overall and moderate to severe cGVHD were 23% and 14%, respectively. The 3-year incidences of relapse and nonrelapse mortality were 26% and 18%, respectively. The rates of 3-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and GVHD-free and relapse-free survival (GRFS) were 60%, 56% and 44%, respectively. Factors such as younger donor, good performance status, and early disease were associated with better outcome in terms of OS, DFS, and GRFS. Our data indicate that doses of ATLG lower that those used in randomized clinical trials can be used for GVHD prevention, even in the adult setting, without clear increases in relapse and infections; these findings need to be further validated by a prospective randomized study.

Low-Dose Anti-T Lymphoglobulin as Prophylaxis for Graft-versus-Host Disease in Unrelated Donor Transplantations for Acute Leukemias and Myelodysplastic Syndromes / Bonifazi F, Olivieri J, Sessa M, Dan E, Sinigaglia B, Rizzi S, Motta MR, Bontadini A, Ulbar F, Giudice V, Papayannidis C, Curti A, Chiereghin A, Lazzarotto T, Cavo M, Arpinati M.. - In: BIOLOGY OF BLOOD AND MARROW TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 1083-8791. - STAMPA. - 24:12(2018), pp. 2450-2458. [10.1016/j.bbmt.2018.07.011]

Low-Dose Anti-T Lymphoglobulin as Prophylaxis for Graft-versus-Host Disease in Unrelated Donor Transplantations for Acute Leukemias and Myelodysplastic Syndromes.

Bonifazi F;Sessa M;Dan E;Sinigaglia B;Rizzi S;Motta MR;Ulbar F;Giudice V;Papayannidis C;Curti A;Chiereghin A;Lazzarotto T;Cavo M;Arpinati M.
2018

Abstract

Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is a major complication after stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Several randomized studies already demonstrated that anti-T lymphoglobulin (ATLG) is effective in preventing GVHD after myeloablative unrelated and HLA-identical sibling transplants. However, the issue of doses and the potential increase of relapses still remain unsolved. Here we report data on 190 patients with acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome who underwent an unrelated HSCT with low-dose ATLG (15 to 30 mg/kg) given at an earlier timing (days -6 to -2). HSCT was performed from HLA 10/10 (n = 62, 33%), 9/10 (n = 91, 48%), 8/10 (n = 30, 16%), and <8/10 (n = 7, 4%) identical unrelated donor. Peripheral blood was the stem cell source in 42% (n = 80). Median follow-up was 51 months. Grades II to IV and III to IV acute GVHD were 26% and 9%, respectively, and 2-year overall and moderate to severe cGVHD were 23% and 14%, respectively. The 3-year incidences of relapse and nonrelapse mortality were 26% and 18%, respectively. The rates of 3-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), and GVHD-free and relapse-free survival (GRFS) were 60%, 56% and 44%, respectively. Factors such as younger donor, good performance status, and early disease were associated with better outcome in terms of OS, DFS, and GRFS. Our data indicate that doses of ATLG lower that those used in randomized clinical trials can be used for GVHD prevention, even in the adult setting, without clear increases in relapse and infections; these findings need to be further validated by a prospective randomized study.
2018
Low-Dose Anti-T Lymphoglobulin as Prophylaxis for Graft-versus-Host Disease in Unrelated Donor Transplantations for Acute Leukemias and Myelodysplastic Syndromes / Bonifazi F, Olivieri J, Sessa M, Dan E, Sinigaglia B, Rizzi S, Motta MR, Bontadini A, Ulbar F, Giudice V, Papayannidis C, Curti A, Chiereghin A, Lazzarotto T, Cavo M, Arpinati M.. - In: BIOLOGY OF BLOOD AND MARROW TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 1083-8791. - STAMPA. - 24:12(2018), pp. 2450-2458. [10.1016/j.bbmt.2018.07.011]
Bonifazi F, Olivieri J, Sessa M, Dan E, Sinigaglia B, Rizzi S, Motta MR, Bontadini A, Ulbar F, Giudice V, Papayannidis C, Curti A, Chiereghin A, Lazzarotto T, Cavo M, Arpinati M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/663243
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