Kiwifruit bleeding sap samples, collected in Italian and Chilean orchards from symptomatic and asymptomatic plants, were evaluated for the presence of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, the causal agent of bacterial canker. The saps were sampled during the spring in both hemispheres, before the bud sprouting, during the optimal time window for the collection of an adequate volume of sample for the early detection of the pathogen, preliminarily by molecular assays, and then through its direct isolation and identification. The results of molecular analyses showed more effectiveness in the P. syringae pv. actinidiae detection when compared with those of microbiological analyses through the pathogen isolation on the nutritive and semiselective media selected. The bleeding sap analyses allowed the isolation and identification of two hypersensitive response (HR) negative and hypovirulent P. syringae pv. actinidiae strains from different regions in Italy. Moreover, multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) and whole genome sequence (WGS) were carried out on selected Italian and Chilean P. syringae pv. actinidiae virulent strains to verify the presence of genetic variability compared with the HR negative strains and to compare the variability of selected gene clusters between strains isolated in both countries. All the strains showed the lack of argK and coronatine gene clusters as reported for the biovar 3 P. syringae pv. actinidiae strains. Despite the biologic differences obtained in the tobacco bioassays and in pathogenicity assays, the MLSA and WGS analyses did not show significant differences between the WGS of the HR negative and HR positive strains; the difference, on the other hand, between PAC_ICE sequences of Italian and Chilean P. syringae pv. actinidiae strains was confirmed. The inability of the hypovirulent strains IPVBO 8893 and IPV-BO 9286 to provoke HR in tobacco and the low virulence shown in this host could not be associated with mutations or recombinations in T3SS island.

Draft whole genome sequence analyses on Pseudomonas syringae 1 pv. actinidiae HR negative strains detected from kiwifruit bleeding sap samples / Biondi E., A. Zamorano, E. Vega, S. Ardizzi, D. Sitta, F.R. De Salvador, R. Campos-Vargas, C. Meneses, S. Perez, A. Bertaccini, N. Fiore.. - In: PHYTOPATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0031-949X. - STAMPA. - 108:5(2018), pp. 552-560. [10.1094/PHYTO-08-17-0278-R]

Draft whole genome sequence analyses on Pseudomonas syringae 1 pv. actinidiae HR negative strains detected from kiwifruit bleeding sap samples

Biondi E.;S. Ardizzi;S. Perez;A. Bertaccini;
2018

Abstract

Kiwifruit bleeding sap samples, collected in Italian and Chilean orchards from symptomatic and asymptomatic plants, were evaluated for the presence of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae, the causal agent of bacterial canker. The saps were sampled during the spring in both hemispheres, before the bud sprouting, during the optimal time window for the collection of an adequate volume of sample for the early detection of the pathogen, preliminarily by molecular assays, and then through its direct isolation and identification. The results of molecular analyses showed more effectiveness in the P. syringae pv. actinidiae detection when compared with those of microbiological analyses through the pathogen isolation on the nutritive and semiselective media selected. The bleeding sap analyses allowed the isolation and identification of two hypersensitive response (HR) negative and hypovirulent P. syringae pv. actinidiae strains from different regions in Italy. Moreover, multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) and whole genome sequence (WGS) were carried out on selected Italian and Chilean P. syringae pv. actinidiae virulent strains to verify the presence of genetic variability compared with the HR negative strains and to compare the variability of selected gene clusters between strains isolated in both countries. All the strains showed the lack of argK and coronatine gene clusters as reported for the biovar 3 P. syringae pv. actinidiae strains. Despite the biologic differences obtained in the tobacco bioassays and in pathogenicity assays, the MLSA and WGS analyses did not show significant differences between the WGS of the HR negative and HR positive strains; the difference, on the other hand, between PAC_ICE sequences of Italian and Chilean P. syringae pv. actinidiae strains was confirmed. The inability of the hypovirulent strains IPVBO 8893 and IPV-BO 9286 to provoke HR in tobacco and the low virulence shown in this host could not be associated with mutations or recombinations in T3SS island.
2018
Draft whole genome sequence analyses on Pseudomonas syringae 1 pv. actinidiae HR negative strains detected from kiwifruit bleeding sap samples / Biondi E., A. Zamorano, E. Vega, S. Ardizzi, D. Sitta, F.R. De Salvador, R. Campos-Vargas, C. Meneses, S. Perez, A. Bertaccini, N. Fiore.. - In: PHYTOPATHOLOGY. - ISSN 0031-949X. - STAMPA. - 108:5(2018), pp. 552-560. [10.1094/PHYTO-08-17-0278-R]
Biondi E., A. Zamorano, E. Vega, S. Ardizzi, D. Sitta, F.R. De Salvador, R. Campos-Vargas, C. Meneses, S. Perez, A. Bertaccini, N. Fiore.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/660310
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