Introduction: Diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) is a common disorder characterized by a complex pathophysiology hampering optimal targeted drug development. Recent advances in our understanding of key underlying mechanisms prompted novel therapeutics including novel pharmacological approaches. Areas covered: This review summarizes the latest advancements in the pipeline of IBS-D drugs focusing on new pharmacological targets, efficacy and safety of medicinal products considering the recent harmonization of regulatory requirements by the FDA and the EMA. Expert opinion: The new 5-HT3 receptor antagonist ramosetron appears a promising therapeutic approach devoid of significant adverse events, although it is presently unavailable in Western countries, most likely because of the precautionary approach taken by regulatory agencies with this drug class. New pharmacological concepts on full agonists/antagonists, mixed-receptor activity and novel drug targets may streamline the present drug pipeline along with the adherence on new regulatory guidelines on outcome measures. Eluxadoline can be taken as an example of this paradigm shift. It has now been granted marketing authorization for IBS-D on both sides of the Atlantic, but it is still considered as a second-line agent by the NICE. There is still much work to be done to fully cover clinical needs of patients with IBS-D.

Advancements in drug development for diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome

Dothel, Giovanni;Barbaro, Maria Raffaella;Raschi, Emanuel;Barbara, Giovanni;De Ponti, Fabrizio
2018

Abstract

Introduction: Diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) is a common disorder characterized by a complex pathophysiology hampering optimal targeted drug development. Recent advances in our understanding of key underlying mechanisms prompted novel therapeutics including novel pharmacological approaches. Areas covered: This review summarizes the latest advancements in the pipeline of IBS-D drugs focusing on new pharmacological targets, efficacy and safety of medicinal products considering the recent harmonization of regulatory requirements by the FDA and the EMA. Expert opinion: The new 5-HT3 receptor antagonist ramosetron appears a promising therapeutic approach devoid of significant adverse events, although it is presently unavailable in Western countries, most likely because of the precautionary approach taken by regulatory agencies with this drug class. New pharmacological concepts on full agonists/antagonists, mixed-receptor activity and novel drug targets may streamline the present drug pipeline along with the adherence on new regulatory guidelines on outcome measures. Eluxadoline can be taken as an example of this paradigm shift. It has now been granted marketing authorization for IBS-D on both sides of the Atlantic, but it is still considered as a second-line agent by the NICE. There is still much work to be done to fully cover clinical needs of patients with IBS-D.
Dothel, Giovanni; Barbaro, Maria Raffaella; Raschi, Emanuel; Barbara, Giovanni; De Ponti, Fabrizio*
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/658763
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