Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is significantly related to adverse clinical outcomes in patients at high risk of cardiovascular events. In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), data on LVH, that is, prevalence and determinants, are inconsistent mainly because of different definitions and heterogeneity of study populations. We determined echocardiographic-based LVH prevalence and clinical factors independently associated with its development in a prospective cohort of patients with non-valvular (NV) AF. From the "Atrial Fibrillation Registry for Ankle-brachial Index Prevalence Assessment: Collaborative Italian Study" (ARAPACIS) population, 1,184 patients with NVAF (mean age 72 ± 11 years; 56% men) with complete data to define LVH were selected. ARAPACIS is a multicenter, observational, prospective, longitudinal on-going study designed to estimate prevalence of peripheral artery disease in patients with NVAF. We found a high prevalence of LVH (52%) in patients with NVAF. Compared to those without LVH, patients with AF with LVH were older and had a higher prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, and previous myocardial infarction (MI). A higher prevalence of ankle-brachial index ≤0.90 was seen in patients with LVH (22 vs 17%, p = 0.0392). Patients with LVH were at significantly higher thromboembolic risk, with CHA2DS2-VASc ≥2 seen in 93% of LVH and in 73% of patients without LVH (p <0.05). Women with LVH had a higher prevalence of concentric hypertrophy than men (46% vs 29%, p = 0.0003). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that female gender (odds ratio [OR] 2.80, p <0.0001), age (OR 1.03 per year, p <0.001), hypertension (OR 2.30, p <0.001), diabetes (OR 1.62, p = 0.004), and previous MI (OR 1.96, p = 0.001) were independently associated with LVH. In conclusion, patients with NVAF have a high prevalence of LVH, which is related to female gender, older age, hypertension, and previous MI. These patients are at high thromboembolic risk and deserve a holistic approach to cardiovascular prevention.

Frequency of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation

Corazza GR;Vidili Gianpaolo;Corazza Gino Roberto;Falsetti L;Stanghellini Vincenzo;Falsetti Lorenzo;Vidili Gianpaolo;
2015

Abstract

Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is significantly related to adverse clinical outcomes in patients at high risk of cardiovascular events. In patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), data on LVH, that is, prevalence and determinants, are inconsistent mainly because of different definitions and heterogeneity of study populations. We determined echocardiographic-based LVH prevalence and clinical factors independently associated with its development in a prospective cohort of patients with non-valvular (NV) AF. From the "Atrial Fibrillation Registry for Ankle-brachial Index Prevalence Assessment: Collaborative Italian Study" (ARAPACIS) population, 1,184 patients with NVAF (mean age 72 ± 11 years; 56% men) with complete data to define LVH were selected. ARAPACIS is a multicenter, observational, prospective, longitudinal on-going study designed to estimate prevalence of peripheral artery disease in patients with NVAF. We found a high prevalence of LVH (52%) in patients with NVAF. Compared to those without LVH, patients with AF with LVH were older and had a higher prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, and previous myocardial infarction (MI). A higher prevalence of ankle-brachial index ≤0.90 was seen in patients with LVH (22 vs 17%, p = 0.0392). Patients with LVH were at significantly higher thromboembolic risk, with CHA2DS2-VASc ≥2 seen in 93% of LVH and in 73% of patients without LVH (p <0.05). Women with LVH had a higher prevalence of concentric hypertrophy than men (46% vs 29%, p = 0.0003). Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that female gender (odds ratio [OR] 2.80, p <0.0001), age (OR 1.03 per year, p <0.001), hypertension (OR 2.30, p <0.001), diabetes (OR 1.62, p = 0.004), and previous MI (OR 1.96, p = 0.001) were independently associated with LVH. In conclusion, patients with NVAF have a high prevalence of LVH, which is related to female gender, older age, hypertension, and previous MI. These patients are at high thromboembolic risk and deserve a holistic approach to cardiovascular prevention.
Proietti M, Marra AM, Tassone EJ, De Vuono S, Corrao S, Gobbi P, Perticone F, Corazza GR, Basili S, Lip GY, Violi F, Raparelli V, ARAPACIS Study Investigators, GIS Group, Alessandri Cesare, Serviddio Gaetano, Fascetti Stefano, Serra Pietro, Palange Paolo, Greco Eleonora, Bruno Graziella, Averna Maurizio, Giammanco Antonina, Sposito Pietro, De Cristofaro Raimondo, De Gennaro Leonardo, Loria Paola, Pellegrini Elisa, Cominacini Luciano, Mozzini Chiara, Sprovieri Mario, Spagnuolo Vitaliano, Cerqua Giannantonio, Cerasola Giovanni, Mulé Giuseppe, Barbagallo Mario, Lo Sciuto Salvatore, Monteverde Alfredo, Saitta Antonino, Lo Gullo Alberto, Malatino Lorenzo, Cilia Chiara, Licata Giuseppe, Tuttolomondo Antonino, Conigliaro Roberta, Pinto Antonio, Di Raimondo Domenico, Signorelli Santo, Anzaldi Massimiliano, De Palma Daniela, Galderisi Maurizio, Cudemo Giuseppe, Galletti Ferruccio, Fazio Valeria, De Luca Nicola, Meccariello Alfonso, Caputo Dario, De Donato Maria Teresa, Iannuzi Arcangelo, Bresciani Alessandro, Giunta Riccardo, Cimini Claudia, Durante Mangoni Emanuele, Agrusta Federica, Iorio Federica, Adinolfi Luigi E, Sellitto Ausilia, Restivo Luciano, Bellis Paolo, Tirelli Paolo, Sacerdoti David, Pesce Paola, Vanni Dino, Iuliano Luigi, Ciacciarelli Marco, Pacelli Antonio, Palazzuoli Alberto, Cacciafesta Mauro, Gueli Nicola, Capeci William, Tarquinio Nicola, Pellegrini Francesco, Vincentelli Giovanni Maria, Ravallese Ferdinando, Santini Claudio, Letizia Claudio, Petramala Luigi, Zinnamosca Laura, Cilli Mirella, Savoriti Claudio, Falaschi Paolo, Martocchia Antonio, Stefanelli Manuela, Marigliano Vincenzo, Lo Iacono Cristina, Brusco Simona, Bertazzoni Giuliano, Attalla El Halabieh Elias, Paradiso Michele, Lizzi Eugenio Maria, Timmi Stefano, Battisti Paola, Cerci Sabina, Ciavolella Massimo, Di Veroli Claudio, Malci Francesco, De Ciocchis Anita, Abate Damiano, Castellino Pietro, Curto Irene, Vecchio Claudia, Mannarino Elmo, Pasqualini Leonella, Fattori Chiara, Pende Aldo, Denegri Andrea, Artom Nathan, Ricchio Roberto, Fimognari Filippo Luca, Alletto Maurizio, Messina Simona, Sesti Giorgio, Arturi Franco, Grembiale Alessandro, Perticone Francesco, Maio Raffaele, Scarpino Paola Elisa, Carullo Giuseppe, Sciacqua Angela, Frugiuele Pierluigi, Spagnuolo Vitaliano, Battaglia Giuseppe, Vidili Gianpaolo, Atzori Sebastiana, Delitala Giuseppe, Davì Giovanni, Angelucci Ermanno, Sestili Simona, Traisci Giancarlo, De Feudis Lucrezia, Di Michele Dario, Fava Alessandra, Balsano Clara, De Ciantis Pierpaolo, Desideri Giovambattista, Camerota Antonio, Migliacci Rino, Porciello Giovanni, Mezzetti Matteo, Gresele Paolo, Vedovati Cristina, Fierro Tiziana, Puccetti Luca, Scarpini Francesca, Bertolotti Marco, Mussi Chiara, Boddi Maria, Savino Andrea, Contri Silvia, Saller Alois, Fabris Fabrizio, Pesavento Raffaele, Filippi Lucia, Vedovetto Valentina, Puato Massimo, Fabris Fabrizio, Treleani Martina, De Luca Elisabetta, De Zaiacomo Francesca, Giantin Valter, Semplicini Andrea, Minuz Pietro, Calabria Stefano, Romano Simone, Fantin Francesco, Manica Angela, Stockner Ingrid, Pattis Peter, Gutmann Bernhard, Catena Cristiana, Colussi GianLuca, Annoni Giorgio, Bruni Adriana Antonella, Castagna Alberto, Spinelli Diana, Corazza Gino Roberto, Miceli Emanuela, Padula, Schinco Giuseppina, Spreafico Sibilla, Secchi Beatrice, Vanoli Massimo, Casella Gianluca, Serra Maria Grazia, Longo Stefania, Antonaci Salvatore, Belfiore Anna, Ricci Lara, Ventrella Francesco, Iamele Luigi, Bianco Cesare, Santovito Donato, Cipollone Francesco, Nicolai Salvatore, Salvati Filippo, Rini Giovan Battista, Scozzari Francesca, Muiesan Maria Lorenza, Salvetti Massimo, Bazza Abramo, Picardi Antonio, De Vincentis Antonio, Cosio Paolo, Terzolo Massimo, Madaffari Bruno, Parasporo Bruno, Fenoglio Luigi, Bracco Christian, Melchio Remo, Gentili Tamira, Salvi Aldo, Nitti Cinzia, Falsetti L, Gabrielli Armando, Paglione Ivano, Capucci Alessandro, Brambatti Michela, Sparagna Armando, Tirotta Daniela, Andreozzi Paola, Ettorre Evaristo, Viscogliosi Giovanni, Rossi Fanelli Fillippo, Delfino Massimo, Glorioso Nicola, Melis Giada, Marras Gianfranca, Matta Michela, Sacco Andrea, Stellitano Elio, Scordo Anna, Russo Franco, Caruso Assunta Antonietta, Porreca Ettore, Santilli Francesca, Tana Marco, Ferri Claudio, Grassi Davide, Cheli Paola, Portincasa Piero, Muscianisi Giuseppe, Giordani Sara, Stanghellini Vincenzo, Sabbà Carlo, Suppressa Patrizia, Mancuso Gerardo, Bartone Mosè, Calipari Daniela, Arcidiacono Giuseppe, Bellanuova Ignazio, Ferraro Maria, Scalzo Antonio, Marigliano Giampietro, Cozzolino Domenico, Lampitella Antonio, Acri Vera, Galasso Domenico, Mazzei Francesca, Galasso Salvatore, Buratti Alberto, Porta Massimo, Brizzi Maria Felice, Fattorini Annalisa, Sampietro Francesca, D’Angelo Armando, Pala Marco, Fabbian Fabio, Manfredini Roberto, Moroni Carlo, Valente Lucia, Lopreiato Francesco, Parente Fernando, Moia Marco, Braham Simon, Rossi Marco, Pesce Margherita, Gentile Adelina, Catozzo Vania, Di Napoli Mariarosaria, Baciarello Giacinto, Rancan Elena, Ageno Walter, Guasti Luigina, Ciccaglioni Antonio, Negri Silvia, Polselli Marco, Abbate Rosanna, Marcucci Rossella, Cangemi Roberto, Pignataro Francesca Serena, Marco Proietti, Pastori Daniele, Ferro Domenico, Loffredo Lorenzo, Perri Ludovica, Catasca Elisa, Raparelli Valeria, Napoleone Laura, Talerico Giovanni, Calvieri Camilla, Vicario Tommasa, Russo Roberta, Saliola Mirella, Del Ben Maria, Angelico Francesco, Bucci Tommaso, Baratta Francesco, DATA AND SAFETY MONITORING BOARD (DSMB): Vestri Anna Rita, Farcomeni Alessio, Di Tanna Gianluca, STUDY COORDINATORS: Basili Stefania, Davi’ Giovanni, STEERING COMMITTEE OF ARAPACIS STUDY: Violi Francesco, Perticone Francesco, Lip Gregory YH, Hiatt William R, Vestri Anna Rita, Corazza Gino Roberto, Mannucci Pier Mannuccio, Licata Giuseppe, Moroni Carlo, Proietti Marco, Anzaldi Massimiliano, Bazzini Cristina, Bianchi Paola Ilaria, Boari Benedetta, Bracco Christian, Buonauro Agostino, Buttà Carmelo, Buzzetti Elena, Calabria Stefano, Capeci William, Carleo Pietro, Carrabba Maria Domenica, Castorani Luigi, Cecchetto Lara, Cimini Claudia, Colombo Barbara Maria, De Giorgi Alfredo, De Vuono Stefano, Denegri Andrea, Del Corso Lisette, Di Giosia Paolo, Durante Mangoni Emanuele, Falsetti Lorenzo, Forgione Alessandra, Grassi Davide, Grembiale Alessandro, Hijazi Daniel, Iamele Luigi, Lorusso Giusi, Marra Alberto Maria, Masala Maristella, Montebianco Abenavoli Ludovico, Murgia Giuseppe, Naccarato Paola, Pattoneri Paolo, Perego Francesca, Pesce Paola, Petramala Luigi, Pinto Daniela, Pinna Miriam Pretti Vincenzo, Pucci Giacomo, Raparelli Valeria, Salinaro Francesco, Santilli Francesca, Scarpini Francesca, Sirico Domenico, Suppressa Patrizia, Tassone Eliezer Joseph, Torres Daniele, Vazzana Natale, Vecchio Claudia Rita, Vidili Gianpaolo, Vitale Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/654230
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