During the last 20 years, a significant body of literature has accumulated regarding subclinical hypercortisolism in patients with adrenal incidentalomas. Retrospective studies have indicated these patients have an increase in cardiovascular events and mortality. Current recommendations for patients with adrenal incidentalomas include an overnight low-dose dexamethasone suppression test and a thorough evaluation of cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors. Further hormonal testing and close monitoring are necessary in patients with incomplete suppression. Unilateral adrenalectomy may be beneficial in cases with abnormal suppression and comorbidities related to hypercortisolemia. Prospective studies are need for a better risk stratification and tailored therapy.

Recent Advances on Subclinical Hypercortisolism

ZAVATTA, GUIDO;Di Dalmazi, Guido
2018

Abstract

During the last 20 years, a significant body of literature has accumulated regarding subclinical hypercortisolism in patients with adrenal incidentalomas. Retrospective studies have indicated these patients have an increase in cardiovascular events and mortality. Current recommendations for patients with adrenal incidentalomas include an overnight low-dose dexamethasone suppression test and a thorough evaluation of cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors. Further hormonal testing and close monitoring are necessary in patients with incomplete suppression. Unilateral adrenalectomy may be beneficial in cases with abnormal suppression and comorbidities related to hypercortisolemia. Prospective studies are need for a better risk stratification and tailored therapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/652185
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