Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU), Ureaplasma parvum (UP), Mycoplasma hominis (MH) and Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) are the most common Mollicutes of the female genital tract. Although many studies have addressed their possible role in the vaginal ecosystem, many aspects remain to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the vaginal presence of ureaplasmas/mycoplasmas in women with different clinical conditions. By means of quantitative PCR assays, the prevalence and load of each Mollicute were assessed in different groups of pre-menopausal women: 'healthy' (n=29), women with bacterial vaginosis (BV) (n=21), patients with Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection (n=25) and subjects with vulvo-vaginal candidiasis (VVC) (n=23). Globally, UP was the most prevalent Mollicutes in the vagina (67.3%), followed by MH (14.3%), UU (9.2%) and MG (3.1%). The presence of UU and UP was almost never associated. MH showed a significantly higher prevalence and higher bacterial loads in BV-positive women (P<0.05), whereas patients with CT and VVC were characterized by a Mollicutes pattern similar to healthy women. Mollicutes can be frequently found in the vaginal ecosystem, even in asymptomatic 'healthy' women. Although its presence is not a strict requirement, MH displays a significant role in the pathogenesis of BV.

Foschi Claudio, S.M. (2018). Distribution of genital Mollicutes in the vaginal ecosystem of women with different clinical conditions. NEW MICROBIOLOGICA, 41(3), 225-229.

Distribution of genital Mollicutes in the vaginal ecosystem of women with different clinical conditions

Foschi Claudio
;
Salvo Melissa;D'Antuono Antonietta;Gaspari Valeria;Banzola Nicoletta;Cevenini Roberto;Marangoni Antonella
2018

Abstract

Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU), Ureaplasma parvum (UP), Mycoplasma hominis (MH) and Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) are the most common Mollicutes of the female genital tract. Although many studies have addressed their possible role in the vaginal ecosystem, many aspects remain to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the vaginal presence of ureaplasmas/mycoplasmas in women with different clinical conditions. By means of quantitative PCR assays, the prevalence and load of each Mollicute were assessed in different groups of pre-menopausal women: 'healthy' (n=29), women with bacterial vaginosis (BV) (n=21), patients with Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection (n=25) and subjects with vulvo-vaginal candidiasis (VVC) (n=23). Globally, UP was the most prevalent Mollicutes in the vagina (67.3%), followed by MH (14.3%), UU (9.2%) and MG (3.1%). The presence of UU and UP was almost never associated. MH showed a significantly higher prevalence and higher bacterial loads in BV-positive women (P<0.05), whereas patients with CT and VVC were characterized by a Mollicutes pattern similar to healthy women. Mollicutes can be frequently found in the vaginal ecosystem, even in asymptomatic 'healthy' women. Although its presence is not a strict requirement, MH displays a significant role in the pathogenesis of BV.
2018
Foschi Claudio, S.M. (2018). Distribution of genital Mollicutes in the vaginal ecosystem of women with different clinical conditions. NEW MICROBIOLOGICA, 41(3), 225-229.
Foschi Claudio, Salvo Melissa, D'Antuono Antonietta, Gaspari Valeria, Banzola Nicoletta, Cevenini Roberto, Marangoni Antonella
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/644106
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